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Keywords:

  • Bile duct ligation;
  • liver diseases;
  • nitric oxide synthase;
  • nitric oxide;
  • quantitative PCR;
  • vasodilators

Abstract

Background/aims  Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) 3-deficient (NOS-3 KO) mice have an increased systemic arterial pressure but develop portal hypertension to the same extent as wildtype (WT) mice. We hypothesized that other vasodilators in the portal circulation compensate for the lack in NOS-3 activity. We used quantitative PCR as a screening method to identify mediators that possibly compensate for NOS-3 in NOS-3 KO mice.

Methods  Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and portal venous pressure (PVP) were measured in the anaesthetized animal. mRNA levels in whole liver tissue were determined by quantitative RT-PCR.

Results  NOS-3 KO mice had a significantly higher mean arterial pressure than WT mice, but portal venous pressure did not differ. Bile duct ligation (BDL) induced a drop in MAP and a rise in PVP in both groups. Bile duct ligation induced a significant increase in mRNA levels of the cannabinoid receptor (CB)-1, adrenomedullin and NOS-2 in the liver of NOS-3 KO and WT mice. Nitric oxide synthase-1 and NOS-3 mRNA levels were elevated in BDL WT mice compared with sham-operated WT mice. Higher mRNA levels of CB-1, NOS-1 and the adrenomedullin receptor were found in sham-operated NOS-3 KO mice compared with sham-operated WT mice.

Conclusions  We used quantitative PCR as a screening method to identify vasodilative mediators that might be involved in the compensation for the lack of NOS-3 activity in NOS-3 KO mice. Elevated mRNA levels in sham-operated NOS-3 KO mice compared with sham-operated WT mice were demonstrated for CB-1, NOS-1 and the adrenomedullin receptor.