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Keywords:

  • Coronary artery disease;
  • oxidized LDL;
  • quantitative coronary angiography;
  • remnant lipoprotein particles;
  • triglyceride-rich lipoproteins

Abstract

Background  Remnant lipoprotein particles (RLPs) and oxidative stress are components of postprandial state. We investigated the concentrations of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs), RLPs, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) size, and oxidized LDL (oxLDL) during alimentary lipaemia, and evaluated whether changes among these variables could be associated with the severity and extent of coronary artery disease (CAD).

Materials and methods  Eighty men and 27 women with clinically suspected CAD underwent quantitative coronary angiography (QCA). TRLs were isolated by density gradient ultracentrifugation before and 6 h after an oral fat load. RLPs were measured by an immunoseparation method, oxLDL by ELISA, and LDL size by gradient gel electrophoresis.

Results  Triglycerides, apolipoprotein (apo) B-48, and apoB-100 concentration in Swedberg flotation units (Sf) > 400 and in Sf 12–400 fractions were markedly increased at 6 h. Postprandial cholesterol content of RLPs (RLP-C) correlated with respective triglycerides in Sf > 400 (r = 0·737) and Sf 12–400 (r = 0·857), apoB-48 in Sf > 400 (r = 0·710) and Sf 12–400 (r = 0·664), apoB-100 in Sf > 400 (r = 0·812) and Sf 12–400 (r = 0·533). RLP-C correlated with oxLDL both in fasting and in fed state (r = 0·482 and r = 0·543, respectively) and inversely with LDL size (r = –0·459 and r = −0·442, respectively). (P < 0·001 for all). OxLDL was elevated postprandially (P < 0·001). In multivariate analysis, oxLDL was a determinant of severity and extent of CAD.

Conclusion  Postprandial state is associated with oxidative stress. The magnitude of oxLDL increases during alimentary lipaemia and is associated with coronary atherosclerosis.