Scale-dependent correlation between topsoil copper and cobalt concentrations in Scotland
Version of Record online: 28 JUL 2006
European Journal of Soil Science
Volume 45, Issue 1, pages 79–95, March 1994
How to Cite
GOOVAERTS, P. and WEBSTER, R. (1994), Scale-dependent correlation between topsoil copper and cobalt concentrations in Scotland. European Journal of Soil Science, 45: 79–95. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.1994.tb00489.x
- Issue online: 28 JUL 2006
- Version of Record online: 28 JUL 2006
- Submitted 14 April 1993; revised 10 September 1993; accepted 11 October 1993
The soil of south-east Scotland is locally deficient in copper and cobalt. Measurements from nearly 3000 fields for which the soil association is known were analysed to study the coregionalization of the two elements and to assess the influence of parent material on the metals' concentrations. The experimental auto- and cross-variograms revealed distinct local (1.5 km) and regional (20 km) scales of spatial variation. A combination of indicator variograms of the soil associations had the same spatial structures, suggesting that parent material influences the concentrations of the metals.
The coregionalization between copper and cobalt was modelled as a linear combination of three spatial structures. The resulting structural correlation coefficients showed the two elements to be fairly strongly positively correlated at the regional scale. Kriging allowed determination and mapping of each spatial component; these maps were then compared with the spatial distribution of soil associations in the region. An analysis of variance was performed before and after filtering out the nugget and short-range spatial components. Classification by soil association (parent material) accounted for a large proportion of the variance at the regional scale, suggesting that the parent material contributes substantially more to the trace element content of the soil than had been thought earlier.