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Using scattered hyperspectral imagery data to map the soil properties of a region

Authors

  • P. Lagacherie,

    Corresponding author
    1. INRA Laboratoire d’étude des Interaction Sol Agrosystème Hydrosystème (LISAH), Campus de la Gaillarde, 2 place Viala, 34060 Montpellier, France
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  • J. S. Bailly,

    1. AgroParisTech Laboratoire d’étude des Interaction Sol Agrosystème Hydrosystème (LISAH), Campus de la Gaillarde, 2 place Viala, 34060 Montpellier, France
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  • P. Monestiez,

    1. INRA Unité Biostatistique et Processus Spatiaux (BioSP), Domaine Saint Paul, Site Agroparc, 84914 Avignon, cedex 9, France
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  • C. Gomez

    1. IRD Laboratoire d’étude des Interaction Sol Agrosystème Hydrosystème (LISAH), Campus de la Gaillarde, 2 place Viala, 34060 Montpellier, France
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P. Lagacherie. E-mail: lagache@supagro.inra.fr

Abstract

Airborne hyperspectral imagery has been recently proved to be a successful technique for predicting soil properties of the bare soil surfaces that are usually scattered in the landscape. This new soil covariate could much improve the digital soil mapping (DSM) of soil properties over larger areas. To illustrate this, we experimented with digital soil mapping in a 24.6-km2 area located in the vineyard plain of Languedoc. As input data, we used 200 points with clay content measurements and 192 bare soil fields representing 3.5% of the total area in which the clay contents of the soil surface were successfully mapped at 5-m resolution by hyperspectral remote sensing. The clay contents were estimated from CR2206, a spectrometric indicator that quantifies specific absorption features of clay at 2206 nm. We demonstrated by cross-validation that the co-kriging procedure based on our co-regionalization model provided accurate error estimates at the clay measurement sites. Then, we applied a block co-kriging model to map the mean clay content at increasing resolutions (50 , 100, 250 and 500 m). The results showed the following: (i) using hyperspectral data significantly increased the accuracy of the mean clay content estimations; (ii) a block co-kriging procedure with reliable estimates of error variance can be used to estimate mean clay contents over larger areas and at coarser resolutions with acceptable and predictable errors and (iii) various maps can be produced that represent different compromises between prediction accuracy and spatial resolution.

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