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Management issues relating to the European eel, Anguilla anguilla


  • 1Please note that throughout this article all references to eel include elvers.

Dr Alan Starkie, The Environment Agency, National Fisheries Technical Team, Arthur Drive, Hoo Farm Industrial Estate, Worcester Road, Kidderminster, DY11 7RA, UK (e-mail:


In many European countries there is growing concern over reduced recruitment and catches of the European eel, Anguilla anguilla (L.). Evidence of the decline, together with possible reasons for the changes as detailed by various authors, are reviewed. It is suggested that the problems need to be addressed now and on various levels. Proposals for management actions, as outlined by the Environment Agency for England and Wales, are summarized by way of example.