Grontmij nv., De Holle Bilt 22. 3730 AE De Bill, the Netherlands.
Successional changes in the soft-water macrophyte vegetation of (sub)atlantic, sandy, lowland regions during this century
Article first published online: 29 MAY 2006
Volume 24, Issue 2, pages 287–294, October 1990
How to Cite
ARTS, G. H. P., VAN DER VELDE, G., ROELOFS, J. G. M. and VAN SWAAY, C. A. M. (1990), Successional changes in the soft-water macrophyte vegetation of (sub)atlantic, sandy, lowland regions during this century. Freshwater Biology, 24: 287–294. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.1990.tb00709.x
- Issue published online: 29 MAY 2006
- Article first published online: 29 MAY 2006
- (ManiLicript accepted 3 December 1989)
- 1Considerable changes in macrophyte vegetation can be noticed in 146 originally soft waters, when data on the recent aquatic vegetation are compared with historical information from the period 1900–60. Changes in nutrient status (N, P and C) and accumulation of organic material can be regarded as the operative factors.
- 2The processes observed in soft waters are acidification, eutrophication and water hardening. Which process dominates depends on the type of soft water.
- 3Acidification as well as eutrophication of water bodies may ultimately result in the total disappearance of all aquatic macrophytes, with the exception of the floating-leaved nymphaeids Nymphaea alba L. and Nuphar lutea (L.) Sm. Observed successional stages are described and summarized.