Appendix S1. Species distribution modelling.

Appendix S2. Significance of Exact tests of population differentiation (ETPD) among the 13 mountain ranges 105 (without PI). One hundred and six Mountain ranges are presented from West to East. PE, Pennines; WA, Western Alps; JM, Jura Mountains; VM, Vosges Mountains; BF, 107 Black Forest; TF, Thuringian Forest; EG, Erzgebirge; BM, Bohemian Massif; EA, Eastern Alps; HT, High Tatra; BK, Beskides; SM, 108 Sudety Mountains; FS, Fennoscandia.

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