SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Amos, W., Wilmer, J.W., Fullard, K., Burg, T.M., Croxall, J.P., Bloch, D. & Coulson, T. (2001) The influence of parental relatedness on reproductive success. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 268, 20212027.
  • Ashmole, N.P. (1963) The regulation of numbers of tropical oceanic birds. Ibis 103b, 458473.
  • Briskie, J.V. & MacKintosh, M. (2004) Hatching failure increases with severity of population bottlenecks in birds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 101, 558561.
  • Butler, S.J. & Gillings, S. (2004) Quantifying the effects of habitat structure on prey detectability and accessibility to farmland birds. Ibis 146 (S2), 123130.
  • Butler, S.J., Whittingham, M.J., Quinn, J.L. & Cresswell, W. (2005) Quantifying the interaction between food density and habitat structure in determining patch selection. Animal Behaviour 69, 337343.
  • Cardillo, M. (2002) The life-history basis of latitudinal diversity gradients: how do species traits vary from the poles to the equator? Journal of Animal Ecology 71, 7988.
  • Christians, J.K., Evanson, M. & Aiken, J.J. (2001) Seasonal decline in clutch size in European starlings: a novel randomisation test to distinguish between the timing and quality hypothesis. Journal of Animal Ecology 70, 10801087.
  • Cooper, C.B., Hochachka, W.M. & Dhondt, A.A. (2005) Latitudinal trends in within-year reoccupation of nest boxes and their implications. Journal of Avian Biology 36, 3139.
  • Cramp, S., Simmons, K.E.L. & Perrins, C.M. (197794) Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, Volumes 1–9. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Crick, H.Q.P., Gibbons, D.W. & Magrath, R.D. (1993) Seasonal changes in clutch size in British birds. Journal of Animal Ecology 62, 263273.
  • Crick, H.Q.P., Baillie, S.R. & Leech, D.I. (2003) The UK Nest Record Scheme: its value for science and conservation. Bird Study 50, 254270.
  • Dhondt, A.A., Kast, T.L. & Allen, P.E. (2002) Geographical differences in seasonal clutch size variation in multi-brooded bird species. Ibis 144, 646651.
  • Duncan, R.P. (1997) The role of competition and introduction effort in the success of passeriform introductions to New Zealand. American Naturalist 149, 903915.
  • Duncan, R.P., Blackburn, T.M. & Sol, D. (2003) The ecology of bird introductions. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 34, 7198.
  • Dunn, P.O., Thusius, K.J., Kimber, K. & Winkler, D.W. (2000) Geographic and ecological variation in clutch size of tree swallows. Auk 117, 211215.
  • Gaston, K.J. & Chown, S.L. (1999) Elevation and climatic tolerance: a test using dung beetles. Oikos 86, 584590.
  • Ghalambor, C.K. & Martin, T.E. (2000) Parental investment strategies in two species of nuthatch vary with stage-specific predation risk and reproductive effort. Animal Behaviour 60, 263267.
  • Ghalambor, C.K. & Martin, T.E. (2001) Fecundity–survival trade-offs and parental risk-taking in birds. Science 292, 494497.
  • Gil-Delgado, J.A., Marco, E., Paredes, M. & Vives-Ferrandiz, C. (2005) Seasonal clutch size variation of multi-brooded bird species: comparisons between breeding season and latitudes. Ibis 147, 206212.
  • Heather, B.D. & Robertson, H.A. (1997) The Field Guide to the Birds of New Zealand. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Hill, R.A., Barrett, L., Gaynor, D., Weingrill, T., Dixon, P., Payne, H. & Henzi, S.P. (2003) Day length, latitude and behavioural (in) flexibility in baboons (Papio cynocephalus ursinus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 53, 278286.
  • King, C.M. (1990) The Handbook of New Zealand Mammals. Oxford University Press, Auckland.
  • Koenig, W.D. (1984) Geographic variation in clutch size in the northern flicker Colaptes auratus: support for Ashmole's hypothesis. Auk 101, 698706.
  • Lack, D. (1947) The significance of clutch-size. Part I – Intraspecific variations. Ibis 89, 302352.
  • Lack, D. (1948) The significance of clutch-size. Part III – Some interspecific comparisons. Ibis 90, 2545.
  • Lack, D. & Moreau, R.E. (1965) Clutch-size in tropical passerine birds of forest and savanna. Oiseau (Review of French Ornithology) S35, 7689.
  • MacArthur, R.H. (1964) Environmental factors affecting bird species diversity. American Naturalist 98, 387397.
  • MacLeod, C.J., Duncan, R.P., Parish, D.M.B., Wratten, S.D. & Hubbard, S.F. (2005) Can increased niche opportunities and release from enemies explain the success of introduced Yellowhammer populations in New Zealand? Ibis 147, 598607.
  • MacMillan, B.W.H. (1985) Breeding of greenfinches in Hawke's Bay, New Zealand. Notornis 32, 8593.
  • Martin, T.E. (1996) Life history evolution in tropical and south temperate birds, what do we really know? Journal of Avian Biology 27, 263272.
  • Martin, T.E., Martin, P.R., Olson, C.R., Heidinger, B.J. & Fontaine, J.J. (2000a) Parental care and clutch sizes in North and South American birds. Science 287, 14821485.
  • Martin, T.E., Scott, J. & Menge, C. (2000b) Nest predation increases with parental activity: separating nest site and parental activity effects. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 267, 22872293.
  • McEwan, W.M. (1987) Ecological Regions and Districts of New Zealand, 4 Parts. Department of Conservation, Wellington.
  • Moreau, R.E. (1944) Clutch-size, a comparative study, with special reference to African birds. Ibis 86, 286347.
  • New, M., Lister, D., Hulme, M. & Makin, I. (2002) A high-resolution data set of surface climate over global land areas. Climate Research 21, 125.
  • Niethammer, G. (1970) Clutch sizes of introduced European passeriformes in New Zealand. Notornis 17, 214222.
  • Peach, W.J., Hanmer, D.B. & Oatley, T.B. (2001) Do southern African songbirds live longer than their European counterparts? Oikos 93, 235249.
  • Petermann, J. (2003) Breeding success and summer foraging behaviour of skylarks Alauda arvensis on the Canterbury Plains, New Zealand. Diplomarbeit, University of Bremen, Germany/Lincoln University, New Zealand.
  • Purvis, A. & Rambaut, A. (1995) Comparative analysis by independent contrasts (CAIC): an Apple Macintosh application for analysing comparative data. Computer Applications in the Biosciences 11, 247251.
  • Ricklefs, R.E. (1980) Geographical variation in clutch size among passerine birds, Ashmole's hypothesis. Auk 97, 3849.
  • Ricklefs, R.E. (2000) Density dependence, evolutionary optimization, and the diversification of avian life histories. Condor 102, 922.
  • Robertson, H.A. (1986) OSNZ nest record scheme instructions. Notornis 33, 5357.
  • Rowley, I. & Russell, E. (1991) Demography of passerines in the temperate southern hemisphere. Bird Population Studies (eds C.M.Perrins, J.-D.Lebreton & M.Hirons), pp. 2224. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Sanders, M.D. & Maloney, R.F. (2002) Causes of mortality at nests of ground-nesting birds in the Upper Waitaki Basin, South Island, New Zealand: a 5-year video study. Biological Conservation 106, 225236.
  • Sanz, J.J., Tinbergen, J.M., Moreno, J., Orell, M. & Verhulst, S. (2000) Latitudinal variation in parental energy expenditure during brood rearing in the great tit. Oecologia 122, 149154.
  • Sibley, C.G. & Ahlquist, J.E. (1990) Phylogeny and Classification of Birds: a Study in Molecular Evolution. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.
  • Skutch, A.F. (1949) Do tropical birds rear as many young as they can nourish? Ibis 91, 430455.
  • Skutch, A.F. (1985) Clutch size, nesting success, and predation on nests of Neotropical birds, reviewed. Ornithological Monographs 36, 575594.
  • Stearns, S.C. (1992) The Evolution of Life Histories. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Thomsen, S. (2002) The Ecology of the Skylark Alauda arvensis on the Canterbury Plains, New Zealand. PhD Thesis, Lincoln University, New Zealand.
  • Thomson, G.M. (1922) The Naturalisation of Plants and Animals in New Zealand. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Whittingham, M.J. & Evans, K.L. (2004) The effects of habitat structure on predation risk of birds in agricultural landscapes. Ibis 146 (S2), 210220.
  • Williams, G.C. (1966a) Adaptation and Natural Selection. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Williams, G.C. (1966b) Natural selection, the costs of reproduction, and a refinement of Lack's principle. American Naturalist 100, 687690.
  • Yom-Tov, Y. (1987) The reproductive rate of Australian passerines. Australian Wildlife Research 14, 319330.
  • Yom-Tov, Y., Christie, M.I. & Iglesias, G.J. (1994) Clutch size in passerines of southern South America. Condor 96, 170177.
  • Young, B.E. (1994) Geographic and seasonal patterns of clutch-size variation in house wrens. Auk 111, 545555.
  • Van Zyl, A.V. (1999) Breeding biology of the Common Kestrel in Southern Africa 32 degrees S. compared to studies in Europe 53 degrees N. Ostrich 70, 127132.