Carbon and nitrogen elemental and isotopic patterns in macrofungal sporocarps and trees in semiarid forests of the south-western USA
†Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
- 1Previous studies in humid forests have shown that the 13C and 15N isotopic composition differs between ectomycorrhizal (ECM) and saprotrophic (SAP) fungi, and that this ECM–SAP ‘divide’ may provide a useful tool for evaluating fungal trophic status.
- 2We evaluated whether this method could delineate the trophic status of fungi in two semiarid, temperate forests of the south-western USA. This technique could be particularly valuable in arid regions where the functional roles of fungi can be difficult to assess because of infrequent sporocarp production.
- 3Our data were consistent with the existence of an ECM–SAP divide, although δ13C values were more useful than δ15N values in separating trophic status. Saprotrophic fungi consistently had higher δ13C values than their presumed substrates; however, the degree of 15N enrichment in SAP sporocarps was highly variable. Comparison of 11 sporocarp species common to both sites showed that δ15N values were higher in one of the forests, even though the δ15N values of foliage from common understorey and overstorey trees were similar between forests.
- 4We conclude that assessment of the isotopic compositions of fungal sporocarps and their substrates is helpful for elucidating ecological relationships in semiarid forests.