• Brooks, J.R., Schulte, P.J., Bond, B.J. et al. (2003) Does foliage on the same branch compete for the same water? Experiments on Douglas-fir trees. Trees 17, 101108.
  • Calkin, H.W., Gibson, A.C. & Nobel, P.S. (1986) Biophysical model of xylem conductance in tracheids of the fern Pteris vittata. Journal of Experimental Botany 37, 10541064.
  • Cannell, M.G.R. & Dewar, R.C. (1994) Carbon allocation in trees: a review of concepts for modeling. Advances in Ecological Research 25, 50104.
  • Esau, K. (1977) Anatomy of Seed Plants, 2nd edn. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
  • Ewers, F.W., Fisher, J.B. & Fichtner, K. (1991) Water flux and xylem structure in vines. The Biology of Vines (edsF.E.Putz & H.A.Mooney), pp. 127160. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Hubbard, R.M., Bond, B.J. & Ryan, M.G. (1999) Evidence that hydraulic conductance limits photosynthesis in old Pinus ponderosa trees. Tree Physiology 19, 165172.
  • Mencuccini, M. & Grace, J. (1996) Developmental patterns of above-ground hydraulic conductance in a Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) age sequence. Plant, Cell & Environment 19, 939948.
  • Orians, C.M., Smith, S.D.P. & Sack, L. (2005) How are leaves plumbed inside a branch? Differences in leaf-to-leaf hydraulic sectoriality among six temperate tree species. Journal of Experimental Botany 56, 22672273.
  • Orians, C.M., Van Vuuren, M.M.I., Harris, N.L., Babst, B.B. & Ellmore, G. (2004) Differential sectoriality in long-distance transport in temperate tree species: evidence from dye flow, 15N transport and vessel element pitting. Trees 18, 501509.
  • Pataki, D.E., Oren, R. & Philips, N. (1998) Responses of sap flux and stomatal conductance of Pinus taeda L. trees to stepwise reductions in leaf area. Journal of Experimental Botany 49, 871878.
  • Sano, Y., Okamura, Y. & Utsumi, Y. (2005) Visualizing water-conduction pathways of living trees: selections of dye and tissue preparation methods. Tree Physiology 25, 269275.
  • Schulte, P.J. (2006) Water flow through junctions in Douglas-fir roots. Plant, Cell & Environment 29, 7076.
  • Schulte, P.J. & Brooks, J.R. (2003) Branch junctions and the flow of water through xylem in Douglas-fir and ponderosa pine stems. Journal of Experimental Botany 54, 15971605.
  • Shinozaki, K., Yoda, K., Hozumi, K. & Kira, T. (1964) A quantitative analysis of plant form – the pipe model theory. 2. Basic analyses. Japanese Journal of Ecology 14, 97105.
  • Sperry, J.S. & Hacke, U.W. (2004) Analysis of circular bordered pit function. I. Angiosperm vessels with homogenous pit membranes. American Journal of Botany 91, 369385.
  • Sperry, J.S., Donnelly, J.R. & Tyree, M.T. (1988) A method for measuring hydraulic conductivity and embolism in xylem. Plant, Cell & Environment 11, 3540.
  • Troeng, E. & Langstrom, B. (1991) Gas exchange in young Scots pine following pruning of current shoot. Annales des Sciences Forestières 48, 359366.
  • Tyree, M.T. (1988) A dynamic model for water flow in a single tree: evidence that models must account for hydraulic architecture. Tree Physiology 4, 195217.
  • Tyree, M.T. & Alexander, J.D. (1993) Hydraulic conductivity of branch junctions in three temperate tree species. Trees 7, 156159.
  • Tyree, M.T. & Ewers, F.W. (1991) The hydraulic architecture of trees and other woody plants. New Phytologist 119, 345360.
  • Tyree, M.T. & Zimmermann, M.H. (2002) Xylem Structure and Ascent of Sap, 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin.
  • Tyree, M.T., Davis, S.D. & Cochard, H. (1994) Biophysical perspective of xylem evolution: is there a tradeoff of hydraulic efficiency for vulnerability to disfunction? IAWA Journal 15, 335360.
  • West, G.B., Brown, J.H. & Enquist, B.J. (1999) A general model for the structure and allometry of plant vascular systems. Nature 400, 664667.
  • Whitehead, D., Livingston, N.J., Kelliber, F.M. et al. (1996) Response of transpiration and photosynthesis to a transient change in illuminated foliage area for a Pinus radiata D. Don tree. Plant, Cell & Environment 19, 949957.
  • Zanne, A.E., Sweeney, K., Sharma, M. & Orians, C.M. (2006) Patterns and consequences of differential vascular sectoriality in 18 temperate trees and shrub species. Functional Ecology. 20, 200206.
  • Zimmermann, M.H. (1978) Hydraulic architecture of some diffuse-porous trees. Canadian Journal of Botany 56, 22862295.
  • Zwieniecki, M.A., Melcher, P.J. & Holbrook, N.M. (2001) Hydrogel control of xylem hydraulic resistance in plants. Science 291, 10591062.