SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Agrawal, A.A., Lau, J.A. & Hambäck, P.A. (2006) Community heterogeneity and the evolution of interactions between plants and insect herbivores. Quarterly Review of Biology 81, 349376.
  • Antonovics, J., Bradshaw, A.D. & Turner, R.G. (1971) Heavy metal tolerance in plants. Advances in Ecological Research 7, 185.
  • Ashley, M.V., Willson, M.F., Pergams, O.R.W., O'Dowd, D.J. & Gende, S.M. (2003) Evolutionarily enlightened management. Biological Conservation 111,115123.
  • Berry, R.J. (1964) The evolution of an island population of the house mouse. Evolution 18, 468483.
  • Brower, J.Z. (1958) Experimental studies of some North American butterflies. Part I: The Monarch, Danaus plexippus, and Viceroy, Limenitis archippus archippus. Evolution 12, 3247.
  • Bumpus, H.C. (1899) The elimination of the unfit as illustrated by the introduced sparrow, Passer domesticus. Biol. Lectures, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole Session of 1897 and 1898 (1899), pp. 209226.
  • Bush, G.L. (1969) Sympatric host race formation and speciation in frugivorous flies of the genus Rhagoletis (Diptera, Tephritidae). Evolution 23, 237251.
  • Carroll, R.L. (1997) Patterns and Processes in Vertebrate Evolution. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Carroll, S.P. & Watters, J.W. (in press) Managing phenotypic variability with genetic and environmental heterogeneity: contemporary evolution as a first principal of conservation biology. Conservation Biology: Evolution in Action (eds S.P.Carroll & C.W.Fox), in press. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Carroll, S.P. (in press) Facing change: forms and foundations of contemporary adaptation to biotic invasions. Molecular Ecology.
  • Carroll, S.P., Loye, J.E., Dingle, H., Mathieson, M., Famula, T.R. & Zalucki, M. (2005) And the beak shall inherit – evolution in response to invasion. Ecology Letters 8, 944951.
  • Charnov, E.L. (1982) The Theory of Sex Allocation. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • Clarke, B. & Murray, J. (1962) Changes in gene frequency in Cepaea nemoralis: the estimation of selective values. Heredity 17, 467476.
  • Clausen, J., Keck, D.D. & Hiesey, W.M. (1940) Experimental studies on the nature of species. I. Effect of varied environments on western North American Plants. Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication 520.
  • Coulson, T., Benton, T.G., Lundberg, P., Dall, S.R.X. & Kendall, B.E. (2006) Putting evolutionary biology back in the ecological theatre: a demographic framework mapping genes to communities. Evolutionary Ecology Research 8, 11551171.
  • Darwin, C. (1859) On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. J. Murray, London, UK.
  • Darwin, C. (1860) The Voyage of the Beagle. 1962 Natural History Library Edition. Doubleday and Co., Garden City, NY, USA.
  • Dobzhansky, T.H. (1948) Genetics of natural populations. XVI. Altitudinal and seasonal changes produced by natural selection. Genetics 33, 158176.
  • Ellner, S., Hairston, N.G. Jr., Kearns, C.M. & Babaï, D. (1999) The roles of fluctuating selection and long-term diapause in microevolution of diapause timing in a freshwater copepod. Evolution 53, 111122.
  • Endler, J.A. (1980) Natural selection on color patterns in Poecelia reticulata. Evolution 34, 7691.
  • Endler, J.A. (1986) Natural Selection in the Wild. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • Estes, S. & Arnold, S.J. (2007) Resolving the paradox of stasis: models with stabilizing selection explain evolutionary divergence on all timescales. American Naturalist 169, 227244.
  • Filchak, K.E., Roethele, J.B. & Feder, J.L. (2000) Natural selectionand sympatric divergence in the apple maggot Rhagoletis pomonella. Nature 407, 739742.
  • Ford, E.B. (1964) Ecological Genetics. Methuen, London, UK.
  • Fussmann, G.F., Loreau, M. & Abrams, P.A. (2007) Community dynamics and evolutionary change. Functional Ecology 21, 465–477.
  • Garant, D., Ford, S.E. & Hendry, A.P. (2007) The multifarious effects of dispersal and gene flow on contemporary adaptation. Functional Ecology 21, 434–443.
  • Garant, D., Kruuk, L.E.B., Wilkin, T.A., McCleery, R.H. & Sheldon, B.C. (2005) Evolution driven by differential dispersal within a wild bird population. Nature 433, 6065.
  • Ghalambor, C.K., McKay, J.K., Carroll, S.P. & Reznick, D.N. (2007) Adaptive versus non-adaptive phenotypic plasticity and the potential for contemporary adaptation in new environments. Functional Ecology 21, 394–407.
  • Gibbs, H.L. & Grant, P.R. (1987) Oscillating selection on Darwin's finches. Nature 327, 511513.
  • Gilchrist, G.W., Huey, R.B., Balanya, J., Pascual, M. & Serra, L. (2004) A time series of evolution in action: a latitudinal cline in wing size in South American Drosophila subobscura. Evolution 58, 768780.
  • Gingerich, P.D. (1983) Rates of evolution: effects of time and temporal scaling. Science 222, 159161.
  • Grant, P.R. & Grant, B.R. (2002) Unpredictable evolution in a 30-year study of Darwin's finches. Science 296, 707711.
  • Grant, P.R. & Grant, B.R. (2006) Evolution of character displacement in Darwin's finches. Science 313, 224226.
  • Hairston, N.G. Jr. & Dillon, T. A. (1990) Fluctuating selection and response in a population of freshwater copepods. Evolution 44, 17961805.
  • Hairston, N.G. Jr., Ellner, S.P., Geber, M.A., Yoshida, T. & Fox, J.A. (2005) Rapid evolution and the convergence of ecological and evolutionary time. Ecology Letters 8, 11141127.
  • Hairston, N.G. Jr., Holtmeier, C.L., Lampert, W., Weider, L.J., Post, D.M., Fischer, J.M., Cáceres, C.E., Fox, J.A. & Gaedke, U. (2001) Natural selection for grazer resistance to toxic cyanobacteria: evolution of phenotypic plasticity? Evolution 55, 22032214.
  • Hargeby, A., Johansson, J. & Ahnesjo, J. (2004) Habitat-specific pigmentation in a freshwater isopod: adaptive evolution over a small spatiotemporal scale. Evolution 58, 8194.
  • Hendry, A.P. & Kinnison, M.T. (1999) The pace of modern life: measuring rates of contemporary microevolution. Evolution 53, 16371653.
  • Hendry, A.P., Grant, P.R., Grant, B.R., Ford, H.A., Brewer, M.J., & Podos, J. (2006) Possible human impacts on adaptive radiation: beak size bimodality in Darwin's finches. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 273, 18871894.
  • Hendry, A.P., Nosil, P. & Rieseberg, L.H. (2007) The speed of ecological speciation. Functional Ecology 21, 455–464.
  • Hendry, A.P., Wenburg, J.K., Bentzen, P., Volk, E.C. & Quinn, T.P. (2000) Rapid evolution of reproductive isolation in the wild: evidence from introduced salmon. Science 290, 516518.
  • Johnston, R.F. & Selander, R.K. (1964) House sparrows: rapid evolution of races in North America. Sciences 144, 548550.
  • Kettlewell, H.B.D. (1956) Further selection experiments on industrial melanism in the Lepidoptera. Heredity 10, 287301.
  • Kinnison, M.P. & Hairston, N.G. Jr. (2007) Eco-evolutionary conservation biology: contemporary evolution and the dynamics of persistence. Functional Ecology 21, 444–454.
  • Kinnison, M.P. & Hendry, A.P. (2001) The pace of modern life II: from rates of contemporary microevolution to pattern and process. Genetica 112–113, 145164.
  • Losos, J.B., Warheit, K.I. & Schoener, T.W. (1997) Adaptive differentiation following experimental island colonization in Anolis lizards. Nature 387, 7073.
  • Palumbi, S.R. (2001) The Evolution Explosion: How Humans Cause Rapid Evolution Change. W.W. Morton, New York, NY, USA.
  • Phillips, B.L., Brown, G.P., Webb, J.K. & Shine, R. (2006) Invasion and the evolution of speed in toads. Nature 439, 803803.
  • Price, T.D., Qvarnström, A. & Irwin, D.E. (2003) The role of phenotypic plasticity in driving genetic evolution. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 270, 15331540.
  • Rasanen, K. & Kruuk, L.E.B. (2007) Maternal effects and evolution on ecological timescales. Functional Ecology 21, 408–421.
  • Reznick, D.N., Bryga, H. & Endler, J.A. (1990) Experimentally induced life-history evolution in a natural population. Nature 346, 357359.
  • Reznick, D.N. & Bryga, H. (1987) Life-history evolution in guppies. 1. Phenotypic and genotypic changes in an introduction experiment. Evolution 41, 13701385.
  • Reznick, D.N., Shaw, F.H., Rodd, F.H. & Shaw, R.G. (1997) Evaluation of the rate of evolution in natural populations of guppies (Poeciliea reticulata). Science 275, 19341937.
  • Rice, K.J. & Emery, N.C. (2003) Managing microevolution: restoration in the face of global change. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1, 469478.
  • Schluter, D. (2000) The Ecology of Adaptive Radiation. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, USA.
  • Schwarz, D., Matta, B.M., Shakir-Botteri, N.L. & McPheron, B.A. (2005) Host shift to an invasive plant triggers rapid animal hybrid speciation. Nature 436, 546549.
  • Sheppard, P.M. (1959) The evolution of mimicry: a problem in ecology and genetics. Cold Spring Harbor Symposium in Quantitative Biology 24, 131140.
  • Silvertown, J., Poulton, P., Johnston, E., Edwards, G., Heard, M. & Biss, P.M. (2006) The Park Grass Experiment 1856–2006: its contribution to ecology. Journal of Ecology 94, 801814.
  • Slobodkin, L.B. (1961) Growth and Regulation of Animal Populations. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, NY, USA.
  • Snaydon, R.W. (1970) Rapid population differentiation in a mosaic environment. I. The response of Anthoxanthum odoratum populations to soils. Evolution 24, 257269.
  • Stearns, S.C. (1983) The genetic basis of differences in life-history traits among six populations of mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) that shared ancestors in 1905. Evolution 37, 618627.
  • Stockwell, C.A., Hendry, A.P. & Kinnison, M.T. (2003) Contemporary evolution meets conservation biology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 18, 94101.
  • Strauss, S.Y., Lau, J.A. & Carroll, S.P. (2006) Evolutionary responses of natives to introduced species: what do introductions tell us about natural communities? Ecology Letters 9, 357374.
  • Svennson, E. & Gosden, T. (2007) Rapid evolution by sexual selection in the wild: why are there so few examples? Functional Ecology 21, 422–433.
  • Thompson, J.N. (1998) Rapid evolution as an ecological process. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 13, 329332.
  • Turreson, G. (1922) The species and the variety as ecological units. Hereditas 3, 100113.
  • Turreson, G. (1930) The selective effect of climate on the plant species. Hereditas 14, 99152.
  • Whitham, T.G., Bailey, J.K., Schweitzer, J.A. et al . (2006) A framework for community and ecosystem genetics: from genes to ecosystems. Nature Reviews Genetics 7, 510523.
  • Williams, C.K. & Moore, R.J. (1989) Phenotypic adaptation and natural selection in the wild rabbit, Oryctolagus cuniculus, in Australia. Journal of Animal Ecology 58, 495507.
  • Yoshida, T., Jones, L.E., Ellner, S.P., Fussman, G.F. & Hairston, N.G. Jr. (2003) Rapid evolution drives ecological dynamics in a predator-prey system. Nature 424, 303306.