SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Amat, J.A., Visser, G.H., Perez-Hurtado, A. & Arroyo, G.M. (2000) Brood desertion by female shorebirds: a test of the differential parental capacity hypothesis on Kentish plovers. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 267, 21712176.
  • Auel, H., Harjes, M., Da Rocha, R., Stubing, D. & Hagen, W. (2002) Lipid biomarkers indicate different ecological niches and trophic relationships of the Arctic hyperiid amphipods Themisto abyssorum and T. libellula. Polar Biology, 25, 374383.
  • Beckman, K.B. & Ames, B.N. (1998) The free radical theory of aging matures. Physiological Reviews, 78, 547581.
  • Berteaux, D., Thomas, D.W., Bergeron, J.M. & Lapierre, H. (1996) Repeatability of daily field metabolic rate in female meadow voles (Microtus pennsylvanicus). Functional Ecology, 10, 751759.
  • Brand, M.D. (2000) Uncoupling to survive? The role of mitochondrial inefficiency in ageing. Experimental Gerontology, 35, 811820.
  • Brown, C.R., Brown, M.B. & Brazeal, K.R. (2008) Familiarity with breeding habitat improves daily survival in colonial cliff swallows. Animal Behaviour, 76, 12011210.
  • Brown, J.H., Gillooly, J.F., Allen, A.P., Savage, V.M. & West, G.B. (2004) Toward a metabolic theory of ecology. Ecology, 85, 17711789.
  • Bryant, D.M. (1991) Constraints on energy expenditure by birds. Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici, IV, 19892001.
  • Bryant, D.M. (1997) Energy expenditure in wild birds. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 56, 10251039.
  • Bryant, D.M. & Tatner, P. (1988) The costs of brood provisioning: effects of brood size and food supply. Acta XIX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici, V, 364379.
  • Butler, P.J., Green, J.A., Boyd, I.L. & Speakman, J.R. (2004) Measuring metabolic rate in the field: the pros and cons of the doubly labelled water and heart rate methods. Functional Ecology, 18, 168183.
  • Cairns, D.K. (1987) Seabirds as indicators of marine food supplies. Biological Oceanography, 5, 261267.
  • Chaurand, T. & Weimerskirch, H. (1994) The regular alternation of short and long foraging trips in the Blue Petrel Halobaena caerulea: a previously undescribed strategy of food provsioning in a pelagic seabird. Journal of Animal Ecology, 63, 275282.
  • Clinchy, M., Zanette, L., Boonstra, R., Wingfield, J.C. & Smith, J.N.M. (2004) Balancing food and predator pressure induces chronic stress in songbirds. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 271, 24732479.
  • Daan, S., Deerenberg, C. & Dijkstra, C. (1996) Increased daily work precipitates natural death in the kestrel. Journal of Animal Ecology, 65, 539544.
  • Dale, K., Falk-Petersen, S., Hop, H. & Fevolden, S.E. (2006) Population dynamics and body composition of the Arctic hyperiid amphipod Themisto libellula in Svalbard fjords. Polar Biology, 29, 10631070.
  • Deerenberg, C., Pen, I., Dijkstra, C., Arkies, B.J., Visser, G.H. & Daan, S. (1995) Parental energy-expenditure in relation to manipulated brood size in the european kestrel Falco tinnunculus. Zoology-Analysis of Complex Systems, 99, 3948.
  • Falk-Petersen, S. (1981) Ecological investigations on the zooplankton community of Balsfjorden, northern Norway: seasonal changes in body weight and the main biochemical composition of Thysanoessa inermis (Kroyer), Thysanoessa raschii (M.Sars), and Meganyctiphanes norvegica (M.Sars) in relation to environmental factors. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 49, 103120.
  • Fridolfsson, A.K. & Ellegren, H. (1999) A simple and universal method for molecular sexing of non-ratite birds. Journal of Avian Biology, 30, 116121.
  • Furness, R.W. & Bryant, D.M. (1996) Effect of wind on field metabolic rates of breeding Northern Fulmars. Ecology, 77, 11811188.
  • Fyhn, M., Gabrielsen, G.W., Nordoy, E.S., Moe, B., Langseth, I. & Bech, C. (2001) Individual variation in field metabolic rate of kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) during the chick-rearing period. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 74, 343355.
  • Gabrielsen, G.W., Taylor, J.R.E., Konarzewski, M. & Mehlum, F. (1991) Field and laboratory metabolism and thermoregulation in Dovekies (Alle alle). Auk, 108, 7178.
  • Gessaman, J.A. & Nagy, K.A. (1988) Energy metabolism: errors in gas-exchange conversion factors. Physiological Zoology, 61, 507513.
  • Golet, G.H., Schmutz, J.A., Irons, D.B. & Estes, J.A. (2004) Determinants of reproductive costs in the long-lived Black-legged Kittiwake: a multiyear experiment. Ecological Monographs, 74, 353372.
  • Gorman, M.L., Mills, M.G., Raath, J.P. & Speakman, J.R. (1998) High hunting costs make African wild dogs vulnerable to kleptoparasitism by hyaenas. Nature, 391, 479481.
  • Hamer, K.C., Monaghan, P., Uttley, J.D., Walton, P. & Burns, M.D. (1993) The influence of food-supply on the breeding ecology of kittiwakes Rissa tridactyla in Shetland. Ibis, 135, 255263.
  • Harding, A.M.A., Van Pelt, T.I., Lifjeld, J.T. & Mehlum, F. (2004) Sex differences in Little Auk Alle alle parental care: transition from biparental to paternal-only care. Ibis, 146, 642651.
  • Harding, A.M.A., Egevang, C., Walkusz, W., Merkel, F., Blanc, S. & Grémillet, D. (2009a) Estimating prey capture rates of a planktivorous seabird, the little auk (Alle alle), using diet, diving behaviour, and energy consumption. Polar Biology, doi: DOI: 10.1007/s00300-00009-00581-x.
  • Harding, A.M.A., Kitaysky, A.S., Hall, M.E., Welcker, J., Karnovsky, N.J., Talbot, S.L., Hamer, K.C. & Grémillet, D. (2009b) Flexibility in the parental effort of an Arctic-breeding seabird. Functional Ecology, 23, 348358.
  • Harman, D. (1956) Aging: a theory based on free radical and radiation chemistry. Journal of Gerontology, 11, 298300.
  • Jakubas, D. & Wojczulanis, K. (2007) Predicting the sex of Dovekies by discriminant analysis. Waterbirds, 30, 9296.
  • Jodice, P.G.R., Roby, D.D., Suryan, R.M., Irons, D.B., Turco, K.R., Brown, E.D., Thedinga, J.F. & Visser, G.H. (2006) Increased energy expenditure by a seabird in response to higher food abundance. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 306, 283293.
  • Karnovsky, N.J., Kwasniewski, S., Weslawski, J.M., Walkusz, W. & Beszczynska-Moller, A. (2003) Foraging behavior of Little Auks in a heterogeneous environment. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 253, 289303.
  • Kitaysky, A.S., Piatt, J.F. & Wingfield, J.C. (2007) Stress hormones link food availability and population processes in seabirds. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 352, 245258.
  • Kitaysky, A.S., Wingfield, J.C. & Piatt, J.F. (1999b) Dynamics of food availability, body condition and physiological stress response in breeding Black-legged Kittiwakes. Functional Ecology, 13, 577584.
  • Kitaysky, A.S., Piatt, J.F., Wingfield, J.C. & Romano, M. (1999a) The adrenocortical stress-response of Black-legged Kittiwake chicks in relation to dietary restrictions. Journal of Comparative Physiology B-Biochemical Systemic and Environmental Physiology, 169, 303310.
  • Kitaysky, A.S., Hunt, G.L., Flint, E.N., Rubega, M.A. & Decker, M.B. (2000) Resource allocation in breeding seabirds: responses to fluctuations in their food supply. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 206, 283296.
  • Kitaysky, A.S., Kitaiskaia, E.V., Wingfield, J.C. & Piatt, J.F. (2001) Dietary restriction causes chronic elevation of corticosterone and enhances stress response in red-legged kittiwake chicks. Journal of Comparative Physiology B-Biochemical Systemic and Environmental Physiology, 171, 701709.
  • Kitaysky, A.S., Kitaiskaia, E., Piatt, J. & Wingfield, J.C. (2003) Benefits and costs of increased levels of corticosterone in seabird chicks. Hormones and Behavior, 43, 140149.
  • Kitaysky, A.S., Romano, M.D., Piatt, J.F., Wingfield, J.C. & Kikuchi, M. (2005) The adrenocortical response of tufted puffin chicks to nutritional deficits. Hormones and Behavior, 47, 606619.
  • Lifson, N. & McClintock, R. (1966) Theory of use of turnover rates of body water for measuring energy and material balance. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 12, 4674.
  • Lynn, S.E., Breuner, C.W. & Wingfield, J.C. (2003) Short-term fasting affects locomotor activity, corticosterone, and corticosterone binding globulin in a migratory songbird. Hormones and Behavior, 43, 150157.
  • Mehlum, F. & Gabrielsen, G.W. (1993) The diet of high-arctic seabirds in coastal and ice-covered, pelagic areas near the Svalbard archipelago. Polar Research, 12, 120.
  • Nagy, K.A. (1983) The Doubly Labelled Water (3HH18O) Method: A Guide to its use. UCLA Publication, University of California, Los Angeles.
  • Nagy, K.A., Girard, I.A. & Brown, T.K. (1999) Energetics of free-ranging mammals, reptiles, and birds. Annual Review of Nutrition, 19, 247277.
  • Pedersen, C.E. & Falk, K. (2001) Chick diet of dovekies Alle alle in Northwest Greenland. Polar Biology, 24, 5358.
  • Pravosudov, V.V., Kitaysky, A.S., Wingfield, J.C. & Clayton, N.S. (2001) Long-term unpredictable foraging conditions and physiological stress response in mountain chickadees (Poecile gambeli). General and Comparative Endocrinology, 123, 324331.
  • R Development Core Team (2008) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna. URL http://www.R-project.org.
  • Romero, L.M. & Reed, J.M. (2005) Collecting baseline corticosterone samples in the field: is under 3 min good enough? Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology a-Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 140, 7379.
  • Schoech, S.J., Bowman, R. & Reynolds, S.J. (2004) Food supplementation and possible mechanisms underlying early breeding in the Florida Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens). Hormones and Behavior, 46, 565573.
  • Scott, C.L., Kwasniewski, S., Falk-Petersen, S. & Sargent, J.R. (2000) Lipids and life strategies of Calanus finmarchicus, Calanus glacialis and Calanus hyperboreus in late autumn, Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. Polar Biology, 23, 510516.
  • Selman, C., Mclaren, J.S., Collins, A.R., Duthie, G.G. & Speakman, J.R. (2008) The impact of experimentally elevated energy expenditure on oxidative stress and lifespan in the short-tailed field vole Microtus agrestis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 275, 19071916.
  • Speakman, J.R. (1993) How should we calculate CO2 production in doubly labelled water studies of animals. Functional Ecology, 7, 746750.
  • Speakman, J.R. (1997) Doubly Labelled Water - Theory and Practice. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Speakman, J.R. (2000) The cost of living: Field metabolic rates of small mammals. Advances in Ecological Research, 30, 177297.
  • Speakman, J.R. (2005) Body size, energy metabolism and lifespan. Journal of Experimental Biology, 208, 17171730.
  • Speakman, J.R. (2008) The physiological costs of reproduction in small mammals. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 363, 375398.
  • Speakman, J.R. & Krol, B. (2005) Comparison of different approaches for the calculation of energy expenditure using doubly labeled water in a small mammal. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 78, 650667.
  • Speakman, J.R. & Racey, P.A. (1987) The equilibrium concentration of O-18 in body-water: implications for the accuracy of the doubly-labeled water technique and a potential new method of measuring RQ in free-living animals. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 127, 7995.
  • Speakman, J.R. & Racey, P.A. (1988) Consequences of non steady-state CO2 production for accuracy of the doubly labeled water technique: the importance of recapture interval. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology a-Physiology, 90, 337340.
  • Speakman, J.R., Nagy, K.A., Masman, D., Mook, W.G., Poppitt, S.D., Strathearn, G.E. & Racey, P.A. (1990) Interlaboratory comparison of different analytical techniques for the determination of O-18 abundance. Analytical Chemistry, 62, 703708.
  • Speakman, J.R., Racey, P.A., Haim, A., Webb, P.I., Ellison, G.T.H. & Skinner, J.D. (1994) Interindividual and intraindividual variation in daily energy expenditure of the pouched mouse (Saccostomus campestris). Functional Ecology, 8, 336342.
  • Speakman, J.R., Ergon, T., Cavanagh, R., Reid, K., Scantlebury, D.M. & Lambin, X. (2003) Resting and daily energy expenditures of free-living field voles are positively correlated but reflect extrinsic rather than intrinsic effects. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100, 1405714062.
  • Speakman, J.R., Talbot, D.A., Selman, C., Snart, S., Mclaren, J.S., Redman, P., Krol, E., Jackson, D.M., Johnson, M.S. & Brand, M.D. (2004) Uncoupled and surviving: individual mice with high metabolism have greater mitochondrial uncoupling and live longer. Aging Cell, 3, 8795.
  • Steen, H., Vogedes, D., Broms, F., Falk-Petersen, S. & Berge, J. (2007) Little Auks (Alle alle) breeding in a High Arctic fjord system: bimodal foraging strategies as a response to poor food quality? Polar Research, 26, 118125.
  • Stempniewicz, L. (2001) Alle alle Little Auk. The Journal of the Birds of the Western Palearctic. BWP Update, vol. 3, pp. 175201. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Thomas, D.W., Blondel, J., Perret, P., Lambrechts, M.M. & Speakman, J.R. (2001) Energetic and fitness costs of mismatching resource supply and demand in seasonally breeding birds. Science, 291, 25982600.
  • Timofeev, S.F. (2006) Euphausiid biomass in the Arctic Ocean. Crustaceana, 79, 157165.
  • Tinbergen, J.M. & Dietz, M.W. (1994) Parental energy expenditure during brood rearing in the great tit (Parus major) in relation to body mass, temperature, food availability and clutch size. Functional Ecology, 8, 563572.
  • Uttley, J.D., Walton, P., Monaghan, P. & Austin, G. (1994) The effects of food abundance on breeding performance and adult time budgets of guillemots Uria aalge. Ibis, 136, 205213.
  • Van Trigt, R., Kerstel, E.R.T., Neubert, R.E.M., Meijer, H.A.J., Mclean, M. & Visser, G.H. (2002) Validation of the DLW method in Japanese quail at different water fluxes using laser and IRMS. Journal of Applied Physiology, 93, 21472154.
  • Visser, G.H. & Schekkerman, H. (1999) Validation of the doubly labeled water method in growing precocial birds: The importance of assumptions concerning evaporative water loss. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 72, 740749.
  • Weathers, W.W., Hodum, P.J. & Blakesley, J.A. (2001) Thermal ecology and ecological energetics of California Spotted Owls. Condor, 103, 678690.
  • Webster, M.D. & Weathers, W.W. (1989) Validation of single-sample doubly labeled water method. American Journal of Physiology, 256, R572R576.
  • Weimerskirch, H. (1998) How can a pelagic seabird provision its chick when relying on a distant food resource? Cyclic attendance at the colony, foraging decision and body condition in Sooty Shearwaters Journal of Animal Ecology, 67, 99109.
  • Weimerskirch, H., Ancel, A., Caloin, M., Zahariev, A., Spagiari, J., Kersten, M. & Chastel, O. (2003) Foraging efficiency and adjustment of energy expenditure in a pelagic seabird provisioning its chick. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72, 500508.
  • Welcker, J., Harding, A.M.A., Karnovsky, N.J., Steen, H., Strøm, H. & Gabrielsen, G.W. (in press) Flexibility in the bimodal foraging strategy of a high Arctic alcid, the Little Auk Alle alle. Journal of Avian Biology.
  • Werner, I. & Auel, H. (2005) Seasonal variability in abundance, respiration and lipid composition of Arctic under-ice amphipods. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 292, 251262.
  • Wingfield, J.C., Ramos-Fernandez, G., La Mora, A.N.D. & Drummond, H. (1999) The effects of an “El Nino” southern oscillation event on reproduction in male and female blue-footed boobies, Sula nebouxii. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 114, 163172.
  • Wolf, T.J. & Schmid-Hempel, P. (1989) Extra loads and foraging life-span in honeybee workers. Journal of Animal Ecology, 58, 943954.