SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adams, J.M. & Zhang, Y.J. (2009b) Is there more insect folivory in warmer temperate climates? A latitudinal comparison of insect folivory in eastern North America. Journal of Ecology, 97, 933940.
  • Adams, J.M., Rehill, B., Zhang, Y.J. & Gower, J. (2009a) A test of the latitudinal defense hypothesis: herbivory, tannins and total phenolics in four North American tree species. Ecological Research, 24, 697704.
  • Adams, J.M., Brusa, A., Soyeong, A. & Nurun, A. (2010) Present-day testing of a paleoecological pattern: is there really a latitudinal difference in leaf-feeding insect damage diversity? Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 162, 6370.
  • Agrawal, A.A. (2011) Current trends in the evolutionary ecology of plant defence. Functional Ecology, 25, 420432.
  • Andrew, N.R. & Hughes, L. (2005) Herbivore damage along a latitudinal gradient: relative impacts of different feeding guilds. Oikos, 108, 176182.
  • Ardon, M., Pringle, C.M. & Eggert, S.L. (2009) Does leaf chemistry differentially affect breakdown in tropical vs temperate streams? importance of standardized analytical techniques to measure leaf chemistry. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 28, 440453.
  • Azevedo, N.R., Campos, I.F.P., Ferreira, H.D., Portes, T.A., Seraphin, J.C., de Paula, J.R., Santos, S.C. & Ferri, P.H. (2002) Essential oil chemotypes in Hyptis suaveolens from Brazilian Cerrado. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 30, 205216.
  • Barbehenn, R.V., Jaros, A., Lee, G., Mozola, C., Weir, Q. & Salminen, J.-P. (2009) Hydrolyzable tannins as “quantitative defenses”: Limited impact against Lymantria dispar caterpillars on hybrid poplar. Journal of Insect Physiology, 55, 297304.
  • Bryant, J.P. & Kuropat, P.J. (1980) Selection of winter forage by sub-arctic browsing vertebrates: the role of plant chemistry. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 11, 261285.
  • Carmona, D., Lajeunesse, M.J. & Johnson, M.T.J. (2011) What plant traits predict resistance to herbivores? Functional Ecology, 25, 358367.
  • Close, D.C. & McArthur, C. (2002) Rethinking the role of many plant phenolics – protection from photodamage not herbivores? Oikos, 99, 166172.
  • Coley, P.D. & Aide, T.M. (1991) Comparison of herbivory and plant defenses in temperate and tropical broad-leaved forests. Plant–Animal Interactions: Evolutionary Ecology in Tropical and Temperate Regions (eds P. W.Price, T. M.Lewinsohn, G. W.Fernandes & W. W.Benson), pp. 2549, Wiley, New York, USA.
  • Coley, P.D. & Barone, J.A. (1996) Herbivory and plant defenses in tropical forests. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 27, 305335.
  • Connell, J.H. (1971) On the role of natural enemies in preventing competitive exclusion in some marine animals and in rain forest trees. Dynamics of Populations (eds P. J.Den Boer & G.Gradwell), pp. 298312. Pudoc, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
  • Cornell, H.V. & Hawkins, B.A. (1995) Survival patterns and mortality sources of herbivorous insects – some demographic trends. American Naturalist, 145, 563593.
  • Dobzhansky, T. (1950) Evolution in the tropics. American Scientist, 38, 209221.
  • Endara, M.-J. & Coley, P.D. (2011) The resource availability hypothesis revisited: a meta-analysis. Functional Ecology, 25, 389398.
  • Gaines, S.D. & Lubchenco, J. (1982) A unified apprach to marine plant-herbivore interactions II. Biogeography. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 13, 111138.
  • Gaston, K.J., Genney, D.R., Thurlow, M. & Hartley, S.E. (2004) The geographical range structure of the holly leaf-miner. IV. Effects of variation in host-plant quality. Journal of Animal Ecology, 73, 911924.
  • Graca, M.A.S. & Cressa, C. (2010) Leaf quality of some tropical and temperate tree species as food resources for stream shredders. International Reviews of Hydrobiology, 95, 2741.
  • Gruner, D.S., Smith, J.E., Seabloom, E.W., Sandin, S.A., Ngai, J.T., Hillebrand, H., Harpole, W.S., Elser, J.J., Cleland, E.E., Bracken, M.E.S., Borer, E.T. & Bolker, B.M. (2008) A cross-system synthesis of consumer and nutrient resource control on producer biomass. Ecology Letters, 11, 740755.
  • Gurevitch, J., Scheiner, S.M. & Fox, G.A. (2002) The Ecology of Plants. Sinauer Press, Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.
  • Hay, M.E. & Fenical, W. (1988) Marine plant-herbivore interactions: the ecology of chemical defense. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 19, 111145.
  • Hedges, L.V., Gurevitch, J.A. & Curtis, P.S. (1999) The meta-analysis of response ratios in experimental ecology. Ecology, 80, 11501156.
  • Hillebrand, H. (2009) Meta-analysis of grazer control of periphyton biomass across aquatic ecosystems. Journal of Phycology, 45, 798806.
  • HilleRisLambers, J., Clark, J.S. & Beckage, B. (2002) Density-dependent mortality and the latitudinal gradient in species diversity. Nature, 417, 732735.
  • Janzen, D.H. (1970) Herbivores and the number of tree species in tropical forests. The American Naturalist, 104, 501528.
  • Langenheim, J.H. (1994) Higher plant terpenoids: a phytocentric overview of their ecological roles. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 20, 12231280.
  • Lesage, L., Crete, M., Huot, J. & Ouellet, J.P. (2000) Quality of plant species utilized by northern white-tailed deer in summer along a climatic gradient. Ecoscience, 7, 439451.
  • Levin, D.A. (1976) Alkaloid-bearing plants: an ecogeographic perspective. American Naturalist, 110, 261284.
  • Levin, D.A. & York, B.M. (1978) Toxicity of plant alkaloids: an ecogeographic perspective. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 6, 6176.
  • MacArthur, R.H. (1972) Geographical Ecology: Patterns in the Distribution of Species, Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.
  • Manson, J.S., Otterstatter, M.C. & Thomson, J.D. (2010) Consumption of a nectar alkaloid reduces pathogen load in bumble bees. Oecologia, 162, 8189.
  • Martz, F., Peltola, R., Fontanay, S., Duval, R.E., Julkunen-Tiitto, R. & Stark, S. (2009) Effect of latitude and altitude on the terpenoid and soluble phenolic composition of juniper (Juniperus communis) needles and evaluation of their antibacterial activity in the boreal zone. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57, 95759584.
  • Min, B.R., Barry, T.N., Attwood, G.T. & McNabb, W.C. (2003) The effect of condensed tannins on the nutrition and health of ruminants fed fresh temperate forages: a review. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 106, 319.
  • Moore, B.D., Wallis, I.R., Wood, J.T. & Foley, W.J. (2004) Foliar nutrition, site quality, and temperature influence foliar chemistry of tallowwood (Eucalyptus microcorys). Ecological Monographs, 74, 553568.
  • Morrow, P.A. & Fox, L.R. (1989) Estimates of pre-settlement insect damage in Australian and North American forests. Ecology, 70, 10551060.
  • O’Neill, G.A., Aitken, S.N., King, J.N. & Alfaro, R.I. (2002) Geographic variation in resin canal defenses in seedlings from the Sitka spruce × white spruce introgression zone. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne De Recherche Forestiere, 32, 390400.
  • Pennings, S.C. & Silliman, B.R. (2005) Linking biogeography and community ecology: Latitudinal variation in plant-herbivore interaction strength. Ecology, 86, 23102319.
  • Pennings, S.C., Siska, E.L. & Bertness, M.D. (2001) Latitudinal differences in plant palatability in Atlantic coast salt marshes. Ecology, 82, 13441359.
  • Pennings, S.C., Zimmer, M., Dias, N., Sprung, M., Dave, N., Ho, C.K., Kunza, A., McFarlin, C., Mews, M., Pfauder, A. & Salgado, C. (2007) Latitudinal variation in plant-herbivore interactions in European salt marshes. Oikos, 116, 543549.
  • Pennings, S.C., Ho, C.K., Salgado, C.S., Wieski, K., Dave, N., Kunza, A.E. & Wason, E.L. (2009) Latitudinal variation in herbivore pressure in Atlantic Coast salt marshes. Ecology, 90, 183195.
  • Rosenberg, M.S., Adams, D.C. & Gurevitch, J. (2000) Metawin: Statistical Software for Meta-Analysis, Version 2.0. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA.
  • Rosumek, F.B., Silveira, F.A.O., Neves, F.D., Barbosa, N.P.D., Diniz, L., Oki, Y., Pezzini, F., Fernandes, G.W. & Cornelissen, T. (2009) Ants on plants: a meta-analysis of the role of ants as plant biotic defenses. Oecologia, 160, 537549.
  • Schemske, D.W., Mittelbach, G.G., Cornell, H.V., Sobel, J.M. & Roy, K. (2009) Is there a latitudinal gradient in the importance of biotic interactions? Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 40, 245269.
  • Sinclair, R.J. & Hughes, L. (2008) Incidence of leaf mining in different vegetation types across rainfall, canopy cover and latitudinal gradients. Austral Ecology, 33, 353360.
  • Stark, S., Julkunen-Tiitto, R., Holappa, E., Mikkola, K. & Nikula, A. (2008) Concentrations of foliar quercetin in natural populations of White Birch (Betula pubescens) increase with latitude. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 34, 13821391.
  • Steinbauer, M.J. (2010) Latitudinal trends in foliar oils of eucalypts: Environmental correlates and diversity of chrysomelid leaf-beetles. Austral Ecology, 35, 205214.
  • Swihart, R.K. & Bryant, J.P. (2001) Importance of biogeography and ontogeny of woody plants in winter herbivory by mammals. Journal of Mammalogy, 82, 121.
  • Teklemariam, T.A. & Blake, T.J. (2004) Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase-induced freezing tolerance in jack pine (Pinus banksiana) seedlings treated with low, ambient levels of ultraviolet-B radiation. Physiologia Plantarum, 122, 244253.
  • del-Val, E. & Armesto, J.J. (2010) Seedling mortality and herbivory damage in subtropical and temperate populations: Testing the hypothesis of higher herbivore pressure toward the tropics. Biotropica, 42, 174179.
  • Van Alstyne, K.L., Dethier, M.N. & Duggins, D.O. (2001) Spatial patterns in macroalgal chemical defenses. Marine Chemical Ecology (eds J. B.Mcclintock & B. J.Baker), pp. 301324. CRC Press, New York, USA.
  • Van Alstyne, K.L. & Puglisi, M.P. (2007) DMSP in marine macroalgae and macroinvertebrates: distribution, function, and ecological impacts. Aquatic Sciences, 69, 394402.
  • Wainhouse, D. & Ashburner, R. (1996) The influence of genetic and environmental factors on a quantitative defensive trait in Spruce. Functional Ecology, 10, 137143.
  • Wright, I.J., Reich, P.B., Westoby, M., Ackerly, D.D., Baruch, Z., Bongers, F., Cavender-Bares, J., Chapin, F.S., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Diemer, M., Flexas, J., Garnier, E., Groom, P.K., Gulias, J., Hikosaka, K., Lamont, B.B., Lee, T., Lee, W., Lusk, C., Midgley, J.J., Navas, M.-L., Niinemets, Ü., Oleksyn, J., Osada, N., Poorter, H., Poot, P., Prior, L., Pyankov, V.I., Roumet, C., Thomas, S.C., Tjoelker, M.G., Veneklaas, E. & Villar, R. (2004) The world-wide leaf economics spectrum. Nature, 428, 821827.
  • Zhou, J., Qu, F. & Nan, R. (2007) Genetic and alkaloid analysis of Menispermum dauricum DC. by RAPD and HPLC. Phytochemical Analysis, 18, 509515.