SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allen, A.P., Pockman, W.T., Restrepo, C. & Milne, B.T. (2008) Allometry, growth and population regulation of the desert shrub Larrea tridendata. Functional Ecology, 22, 97204.
  • Barbour, M.G. (1969) Age and space distribution of the desert shrub Larrea divaricata. Ecology, 50, 679685.
  • Barker, D.H., Vanier, C., Naumburg, E., Charlet, T.N., Nielsen, K.M., Newingham, B.A. & Smith, S.D. (2006) Enhanced monsoon precipitation and nitrogen deposition affect leaf traits and photosynthesis differently in spring and summer in the desert shrubLarrea tridentata. New Phytologist, 169, 799808.
  • BassiriRad, H., Tremmel, D.C., Virginia, R.A., Reynolds, J.F., de Soysa, A.G. & Brunell, M.H. (1999) Short-term patterns in water and nitrogen acquisition by two desert shrubs following a simulated summer rain. Plant Ecology, 145, 2736.
  • Beer, C., Reichstein, M., Tomelleri, E., Ciais, P., Jung, M., Carvalhais, N., Rodenbeck, C., Arain, M.A., Baldocchi, D., Bonan, G.B., Bondeau, A., Cescatti, A., Lasslop, G., Lindroth, L., Lomas, M., Luyssaert, S., Margolis, H., Oleson, K.W., Roupsard, O., Veenendaal, E., Viovy, N., Williams, C., Woodward, F.I. & Papale, D. (2010) Terrestrial gross carbon dioxide uptake: global distribution and covariation with climate. Science, 329, 834838.
  • Brown, J.H., Gillooly, J.F., Allen, A.P., Savage, V.M. & West, G.B. (2004) Toward a metabolic theory of ecology. Ecology, 85, 17711789.
  • Cavanaugh, M.L., Kurc, S.A. & Scott, R.L. (2011) Evapotranspiration partitioning in semiarid shrubland ecosystems: a two-site evaluation of soil moisture control on transpiration. Ecohydrology, 4, 171181.
  • Chew, R.M. & Chew, A.E. (1965) The primary productivity of a desert-shrub (Larrea tridentata) community. Ecological Monographs, 35, 355375.
  • Collins, S.L., Sinsabaugh, R.L., Crenshaw, C., Green, L., Porras-Alfaro, A., Stursova, M. & Zeglin, L.H. (2008) Pulse dynamics and microbial processes in aridland ecosystems. Journal of Ecology, 96, 413420.
  • Diffenbaugh, N.S., Pal, J.S., Trapp, R.J. & Giorgi, F. (2005) Fine-scale processes regulate the response of extreme events to global climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 44, 1577415778.
  • Elliott, E.T., Heil, J.W., Kelly, E.F. & Monger, H.C. (1999) Soil structural and other physical properties. Standard Soil Methods for Long-Term Ecological Research (eds G.P. Robertson, D.C. Coleman, C.S. Bledsoe & P. Sollins), pp. 7485, Oxford University Press, Inc., New York, New York, USA.
  • Englehart, P.J. & Douglas, A.V. (2006) Defining intraseasonal rainfall variability within the North American Monsoon. Journal of Climate, 19, 42434253.
  • Etheredge, D., Gutzler, D.S. & Pazzaglia, F.J. (2004) Geomorphic response to seasonal variations in rainfall in the Southwest United States. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 116, 606618.
  • Farquar, G.D. & Sharkey, T.D. (1982) Stomatal conductance and photosynthesis. Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 33, 317345.
  • FCDMC (2010) Rainfall information. Flood control district of Maricopa county, http://www.fcd.maricopa.gov/Rainfall/Raininfo/raininfo.aspx .
  • Gee, G.W. & Bauder, J.W. (1986) Particle-size analysis. Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 1, Physical and Minerological Methods (ed. A. Klute), pp. 383411. 2nd edn, American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
  • Goodrich, D.C., Unkrich, C.L., Keefer, T.O., Nichols, M.H., Stone, J.J., Levick, L.R. & Scott, R.L. (2008) Event to multidecadal persistence in rainfall and runoff in southeast Arizona. Water Resources Research, 44, W05S14. doi: 10.1029/2007WR006222.
  • Gutzler, D.S. & Robbins, T.O. (2011) Climate variability and projected change in the western United States: regional downscaling and drought statistics. Climate Dynamics, 37, 835849.
  • Hall, S.J., Sponseller, R.A., Grimm, N.B., Huber, D., Kaye, J.P., Clark, C. & Collins, S.L. (2011) Ecosystem response to nutrient enrichment across an urban airshed in the Sonoran Desert. Ecological Applications, 21, 640660.
  • Hamerlynck, E.P., Huxman, T.E., McAuliffe, J.R. & Smith, S.D. (2004) Carbon isotope discrimination and foliar nutrient status of Larrea tridentata (creosote bush) in contrasting Mojave Desert soils. Oecologia, 138, 210215.
  • Heisler-White, J.L., Knapp, A.K. & Kelly, E.F. (2008) Increasing precipitation event size increases aboveground net primary productivity in a semi-arid grassland. Oecologia, 158, 129140.
  • Huxman, T.E., Smith, M.D., Fay, P.A., Knapp, A.K., Shaw, R.M., Loik, M.E., Smith, S.D., Tissue, D.T., Zak, J.C., Weltzin, J.F., Pockman, W.T., Sala, O.E., Haddad, B.M., Harte, J., Koch, G.W., Schwinning, S., Small, E.E. & Williams, D.G. (2004) Convergence across biomes to a common rain-use efficiency. Nature, 429, 651654.
  • Jenerette, G.D., Scott, R.L. & Huete, A.R. (2010) Functional differences between summer and winter season rain assessed with MODIS-derived phenology in a semi-arid region. Journal of Vegetation Science, 21, 1630.
  • Knapp, A.K. & Smith, M.D. (2001) Variation among biomes in temporal dynamics of aboveground primary production. Science, 291, 481484.
  • Kurc, S.A. & Benton, L.M. (2010) Digital image-derived greenness links deep soil moisture to carbon uptake in a creosotebush-dominated shrubland. Journal of Arid Environments, 74, 585594.
  • Liebmann, B., Blade, I., Bond, N.A., Gochis, D., Allured, D. & Bates, G.T. (2008) Characteristics of North American summertime rainfall with emphasis on the Monsoon. Journal of Climate, 21, 12771294.
  • Loik, M.E., Breshears, D.D., Lauenroth, W.K. & Belnap, J. (2004) A multiscale perspective of water pulses in dryland ecosystems: climatology and ecohydrology of the western USA. Oecologia, 141, 269281.
  • Ludwig, J.A. (1987) Primary productivity in arid lands – myths and realities. Journal of Arid Environments, 13, 17.
  • McAuliffe, J.R. (1994) Landscape evolution, soil formation, and ecological patterns and processes in Sonoran Desert bajadas. Ecological Monographs, 64, 111148.
  • Muldavin, E.H., Moore, D.I., Collins, S.L., Wetherill, K.R. & Lightfoot, D.C. (2008) Aboveground net primary production dynamics in a northern Chihuahuan Desert ecosystem. Oecologia, 155, 123132.
  • Notaro, M., Liu, Z., Gallimore, R.G., Williams, J.W., Gutzler, D. & Collins, S.L.. (2010) The complex seasonal cycle of ecohydrology in the Southwest United States. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 115, G04034. doi:10.1029/2010JG001382.
  • Noy-Meir, I. (1973) Desert ecosystems: environment and producers. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4, 2551.
  • NRCS, Natural Resources Conservation Service (2009) Database of geographic information: soils in Arizona, http://caplter.asu.edu/data/ .
  • Ogle, K. & Reynolds, J.F. (2004) Plant responses to precipitation in desert ecosystems: integrating functional types, pulses, thresholds, and delays. Oecologia, 141, 282294.
  • O’Neill, R.V., DeAngelis, D.L., Waide, J.B. & Allen, T.F.H. (1986) A Hierarchical Concept of Ecosystems. pp. 253. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
  • Pockman, W.T. & Small, E.E. (2010) The influence of spatial patterns of soil moisture on the grass and shrub responses to a summer rainstorm in a Chihuahuan Desert Ecotone. Ecosystems, 13, 511525.
  • Reynolds, W.D. & Elrick, D.E. (1990) Ponded infiltration from a single ring: I. Analysis of steady flow. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 54, 12331241.
  • Reynolds, J.F., Virginia, R.A., Kemp, P.R., de Soyza, A.G. & Tremmel, D.C. (1999) Impact of drought on desert shrubs: effects of seasonality and degree of resource island development. Ecological Monographs, 69, 69106.
  • Reynolds, J.F., Kemp, P.R., Ogle, K. & Fernández, R.J. (2004) Modifying the ‘pulse– reserve’ paradigm for deserts of North America: precipitation pulses, soil water, and plant responses. Oecologia, 141, 194210.
  • Sala, O.E., Parton, W.J., Joyce, L.A. & Lauenroth, W.K. (1988) Primary production of the central grassland region of the United States. Ecology, 69, 4045.
  • Schwinning, S. & Sala, O.E. (2004) Hierarchy of responses to resource pulses in and semi- arid ecosystems. Oecologia, 141, 211220.
  • Scott, R.L., Shuttleworth, W.J., O’Keefer, T. & Warrick, A.W. (2000) Modeling multiyear observations of soil moisture recharge in the semiarid American Southwest. Water Resources Research, 36, 22332247.
  • Seager, R., Ting, M., Held, I., Kushnir, Y., Lu, J., Vecchi, G., Huang, H., Harnik, N., Leetmaa, A., Lau, N., Li, C., Velez, J. & Naik, N. (2007) Model projections of an imminent transition to a more arid climate in southwestern North America. Science, 316, 11811184.
  • Sharifi, M.R., Meinzer, F.C., Nilsen, E.T., Rundel, P.W., Virginia, R.A., Jarrell, W.M., Herman, D.J. & Clark, P.C. (1988) Effect of manipulation of water and nitrogen supplies on the quantitative phenology of Larrea tridentata (Creosote Bush) in the Sonoran Desert of California. American Journal of Botany, 75, 11631174.
  • Shen, W.J., Wu, J.G., Kemp, P.R., Reynolds, J.F. & Grimm, N.B. (2005) Simulating the dynamics of primary productivity of a Sonoran ecosystem: model parameterization and validation. Ecological Modeling, 189, 124.
  • Thomey, M.L., Collins, S.L., Vargas, R., Johnson, J.E., Brown, R.F., Natvig, D.O. & Friggens, M.T. (2011) Effect of precipitation variability on net primary production and soil respiration in a Chihuahuan Desert grassland. Global Change Biology, 17, 15051515.
  • USDA (1993) Soil Survey Manual, Agricultural Handbook 18. Natural Resources Conservation Service, Washington, DC, USA.
  • USDA (1998) Keys to Soil Taxonomy, 8th edn, Pocahontas Press, Blacksburg, VA, USA.
  • Welter, J.R., Fisher, S.G. & Grimm, N.B. (2005) Nitrogen transport and retention in an arid land watershed: influence of storm characteristics on terrestrial-aquatic linkages. Biogeochemistry, 76, 421440.
  • Western Regional Climate Center (WRCC) (2010) Western U.S. climate historical summaries for: Gila Mountain, Maricopa 4N, Tempe, Mesa, and Stewart Mountain, http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/Climsum.html .
  • Wu, J. & Loucks, O.L. (1995) From balance-of-nature to hierarchical patch dynamics: a paradigm shift in ecology. Quarterly Review of Biology, 70, 439466.