Anomaly of the geomagnetic Sq variation in Japan: effect from 3-D subterranean structure or the ocean effect?
Article first published online: 22 OCT 2010
© 2010 The Authors Geophysical Journal International © 2010 RAS
Geophysical Journal International
Volume 183, Issue 3, pages 1239–1247, December 2010
How to Cite
Kuvshinov, A. and Utada, H. (2010), Anomaly of the geomagnetic Sq variation in Japan: effect from 3-D subterranean structure or the ocean effect?. Geophysical Journal International, 183: 1239–1247. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04809.x
- Issue published online: 15 NOV 2010
- Article first published online: 22 OCT 2010
- Accepted 2010 September 11. Received 2010 May 13; in original form 2009 September 21
- Numerical solutions;
- Geomagnetic induction;
- Magnetic field
Many years ago Rikitake et al. described the anomalous behaviour of the vertical component Z of the geomagnetic solar quiet (Sq) daily variation field at observatories in central and northern Japan – namely about 2 hr shift of the local noontime peak towards morning hours. They suggested that this anomaly is associated with the anomalous distribution of electrical conductivity in the mantle beneath central Japan. Although a few works have been done to confirm or argue this explanation, no clear answer has been obtained so far. The goal of this work is to understand the nature of this anomaly using our 3-D forward solution. The conductivity model of the Earth includes oceans of laterally variable conductance and conducting mantle either spherically symmetric or 3-D underneath. Data from six Japanese observatories at four seasons for two different years of the solar cycle are analysed. As an inducing ionospheric (Sq) current system, we use those provided by the Comprehensive Model (CM4) of Sabaka et al. Our analysis clearly demonstrates that 3-D induction in the ocean is responsible for the anomalous behaviour of Z daily variations in this region. We also show that the effects from a suite of 3-D mantle models that include mantle wedge and subducting slab are minor compared with the ocean effect.