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A method for spatial estimation of peak ground acceleration in dense arrays



A methodology for the interpolation of peak ground acceleration (PGA) from discrete array stations is developed. Limited number of accelerometers or difficulty of monitoring at unreachable locations often has a negative impact on the generation of the maps of shaking after an earthquake. In locations with no recordings, PGA is inferred from interpolation of recorded PGA. The presented methodology estimates PGA at an arbitrary set of closely spaced points, in a way that is statistically compatible with known or prescribed PGA at other locations. The observed data recorded by strong motion stations of Istanbul Earthquake Rapid Response System are used for the development and validation of the new numerical method. The estimated and recorded PGAs are compared. Biased ground motion prediction equations are also considered at the comparisons. Ground motion prediction equations underestimated both observed and estimated PGAs. It has been found that the methodology is very effective for highly vulnerable mega-cities and urban areas.