SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Allison HE, Hobbs RJ (2006) Science and Policy in Natural Resource Management: Understanding System Complexity. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Anthes RA (1984) Enhancement of convective precipitation by mesoscale variations in vegetative covering in semiarid regions. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 23, 541554.
  • Baldocchi DD, Xu LK, Kiang N (2004) How plant functional-type, weather, seasonal drought, and soil physical properties alter water and energy fluxes of an oak-grass savanna and an annual grassland. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 123, 1339.
  • Barson M, Randall L, Bordas V (2000) Land Cover Change in Australia. Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra.
  • Bates BC, Hope P, Ryan B, Smith I, Charles S (2008) Key findings from the Indian Ocean Climate Initiative and their impact on policy development in Australia. Climatic Change, 89, 339354.
  • Bell S (2006) Concerned scientists, pragmatic politics and Australia's green drought. Science and Public Policy, 33, 561570.
  • Betts AK, Ball JH, Beljaars ACM, Miller MJ, Viterbo P (1996) The land surface–atmosphere interaction: a review based on observational and global modelling perspectives. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 72097225.
  • Betts RA, Falloon PD, Goldewijk KK, Ramankutty N (2007) Biogeophysical effects of land use on climate: model simulations of radiative forcing and large-scale temperature change. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 142, 216233.
  • Bonan G (2002) Ecological Climatology: Concepts and Applications. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Brovkin V, Claussen M, Driesschaert E et al. (2006) Biogeophysical effects of historical land cover changes simulated by six Earth system models of intermediate complexity. Climate Dynamics, 26, 587600.
  • Brubaker KL, Entekhabi D, Eagleson PS (1993) Estimation of continental precipitation recycling. Journal of Climate, 6, 10771089.
  • Burrows WH, Henry BK, Back PV et al. (2002) Growth and carbon stock change in eucalypt woodlands in northeast Australia: ecological and greenhouse sink implications. Global Change Biology, 8, 769784.
  • Cai W, Cowan T (2008a) Dynamics of late autumn rainfall reduction over southeastern Australia. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L09708, doi: DOI: 10.1029/2008GL033727.
  • Cai W, Cowan T (2008b) Evidence of impacts from rising temperature on inflows to the Murray-Darling Basin. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L07701, doi: DOI: 10.1029/2008GL033390.
  • Campbell A (2008) Managing Australian Landscapes in a Changing Climate – A Climate Change Primer for Regional Natural Resource Management Bodies. Department of Climate Change, Canberra.
  • Charney JG (1975) Dynamics of deserts and drought in Sahel. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 101, 193202.
  • CSIRO (2007) Climate change in Australia: observed changes and projections. Australian Climate Change Science Programme, CSIRO and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, 8 pp.
  • DEWHA (2008) Water for the future: the Australian government's plan for water. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Canberra.
  • Donohue RJ, McVicar TR, Roderick ML (2009) Climate-related trends in Australian vegetation cover as inferred from satellite observations, 1981–2006. Global Change Biology, 15, 10251039.
  • Donohue RJ, Roderick ML, McVicar TR (2008) Deriving consistent long-term vegetation information from AVHRR reflectance data using a cover-triangle-based framework. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112, 29382949.
  • Dyer R, Jaclyn P, Partridge I, Russell-Smith J, Williams R (2001) Savanna Burning – Understanding and Using Fire in Northern Australia. Tropical Savannas CRC, Darwin.
  • Feddema JJ, Oleson KW, Bonan GB, Mearns LO, Buja LE, Meehl GA, Washington WM (2005) The importance of land-cover change in simulating future climates. Science, 310, 16741678.
  • Fensham RJ, Fairfax RJ (2005) Preliminary assessment of gidgee (Acacia cambagei) woodland thickening in the Longreach district, Queensland. Rangeland Journal, 27, 159168.
  • Fensham RJ, Fairfax RJ, Ward DP (2009) Drought-induced tree death in savanna. Global Change Biology, 15, 380387.
  • Fensham RJ, Holman JE (1999) Temporal and spatial patterns in drought related tree dieback in Australian savanna. Journal of Applied Ecology, 36, 10351050.
  • Findell KL, Shevliakova E, Milly P, Stouffer R (2007) Modeled impact of anthropogenic land cover change on climate. Journal of Climate, 20, 36213634.
  • Foley JA, Coe MT, Scheffer M, Wang G (2003) Regime shifts in the Sahara and Sahel: interactions between ecological and climatic systems in Northern Africa. Ecosystems, 6, 524539.
  • Foley JA, DeFries R, Asner GP et al. (2005) Global consequences of land use. Science, 309, 570574.
  • Foran BD (2007) Sifting the future from the past: a personal assessment of trends impacting the Australian rangelands. Rangeland Journal, 29, 311.
  • Forster P, Ramaswamy V, Artaxo P et al. (2007) Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (eds SolomonS, QinD, ManningM et al.), pp. 129234. Cambridge University Press, New York, USA.
  • Fu Q, Johanson CM, Wallace JM, Reichler T (2006) Enhanced mid-latitude tropospheric warming in satellite measurements. Science, 312, 1179.
  • Fuller D, Ottke C (2002) Land cover, rainfall and land-surface albedo in West Africa. Climatic Change, 54, 181204.
  • Garnaut R (2008) Climate change review. Draft Report to CSIRO, WHH Publishing, Canberra, ISBN: 978-1-921337-34-5, 548 pp.
  • Gordon L, Dunlop M, Foran B (2003) Land cover change and water vapour flows: learning from Australia. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B – Biological Sciences, 358, 19731984.
  • Gunderson LH, Holling CS, Pritchard L, Peterson GD (2002) Resilience of large-scale resource systems. In: Resilience and the Behavior of Large-Scale Systems (eds GundersonLH, PritchardL), pp. 320. Island Press, Washington, DC.
  • Hassett R, Carter J, Henry BK (2006) Rapid mobile data collection – a technique to monitor rangeland condition and provide quantitative and interpretive information for a range of applications. In: Proceedings of the 14th Biennial Conference of The Australian Rangeland Society, Renmark, SA, 3–7 September 2006, (ed. Erkelenz P), pp. 202205. Australian Rangeland Society, Adelaide, South Australia.
  • Held IH, Delworth TL, Lu J, Findell KL, Knutson TR (2005) Simulation of Sahel drought in the 20th and 21st centuries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 102, 1789117896.
  • Hennessy K, Fawcett R, Kirono D et al. (2008) Drought Exceptional Circumstances: An Assessment of the Impact of Climate Change on the Nature and Frequency of Exceptional Climatic Events. CSIRO and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, Canberra.
  • Hennessy K, Fitzharris B, Bates BC et al. (2007) Australia and New Zealand. In: Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (eds ParryML, CanzianiOF, PalutikofJP, Van Der LindenPJ, HansonCE), pp. 507540. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Hobbs RJ, Hopkins AJM (1990) From frontier to fragments: European impact on Australia's vegetation. Proceedings of the Ecological Society of Australia, 16, 93114.
  • Hope PK, Drosdowsky W, Nicholls N (2006) Shifts in the synoptic systems influencing southwest Western Australia. Climate Dynamics, 26, 751764.
  • IPCC (2007) Technical Summary. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (eds SolomonS, QinD, ManningM et al.), pp. 1991. Cambridge University Press, New York, USA.
  • Kershaw P, Moss P, Van Der Kaars S (2003) Causes and consequences of long-term climatic variability on the Australian continent. Freshwater Biology, 48, 12741283.
  • Lenton TM, Held H, Kriegler E, Hall JW, Lucht W, Rahmstorf S, Schellnhuber HJ (2008) Tipping elements in the earth's climate system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 105, 17861793.
  • Lepers E, Lambin EF, Janetos AC, DeFries R, Achard F, Ramankutty N, Scholes RJ (2005) A synthesis of information on rapid land-cover change for the period 1981–2000. Bioscience, 55, 115124.
  • Levin SA (1998) Ecosystems and the biosphere as complex adaptive systems. Ecosystems, 1, 431436.
  • Li W, Fu R (2004) Transition of the large-scale atmospheric and land surface conditions from the dry to the wet season over Amazonia as diagnosed by the ECMWF re-analysis. Journal of Climate, 17, 26372651.
  • Los SO, Weedon GP, North PRJ, Kaduk JD, Taylor CM, Cox PM (2006) An observation-based estimate of the strength of rainfall-vegetation interactions in the Sahel. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L16402, doi: DOI: 10.1029/2006GL027065.
  • Lough JM (2007) Tropical river flow and rainfall reconstructions from coral luminescence: Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Paleoceanography, 22, PA2218, doi: DOI: 10.1029/2006PA001377.
  • Lu J, Vecchi GA, Reichler T (2007) Expansion of the Hadley cell under global warming. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L06805, doi: DOI: 10.1029/2006GL028443.
  • Lyons TJ (2002) Clouds form preferentially over native vegetation. Environmental Modelling and Software, 17, 6175.
  • Lyons TJ, Schwerdtfeger P, Hacker JM, Foster IJ, Smith RCG, Huang XM (1993) Land atmosphere interaction in a semiarid region – the bunny fence experiment. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 74, 13271334.
  • Marengo JA, Nobre CA (2001) The hydroclimatological framework in Amazonia. In: Biogeochemistry of Amazonia (eds RicheyJ, McClaineM, VictoriaR), pp. 1742. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • McAlpine CA, Syktus J, Deo RC, Lawrence PJ, McGowan HA, Watterson IG, Phinn SR (2007) Modeling the impact of historical land cover change on Australia's regional climate. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L22711, doi: DOI: 10.1029/2007GL031524.
  • McKeon G (2006) Living in a Variable Climate. Article Prepared for the 2006 Australia State of the Environment Committee. Department of Environment and Heritage, Canberra.
  • McKeon GM, Hall WB, Henry WK, Stone GS, Watson IW (2004) Pasture Degradation and Recovery in Australia's Rangelands: Learning from History. Queensland Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy, Brisbane.
  • Meher-Homji VM (1991) Probable impact of deforestation on hydrological processes. Climatic Change, 19, 163173.
  • Morgan JA, Milchunas DG, LeCain DR, West M, Mosier AR (2007) Carbon dioxide enrichment alters plant community structure and accelerates shrub growth in the shortgrass steppe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 104, 1472414729.
  • Morgan JA, Pataki DE, Korner C et al. (2004) Water relations in grassland and desert ecosystems exposed to elevated atmospheric CO2. Oecologia, 140, 1125.
  • Mpelasoka F, Hennessy K, Jones R, Bates B (2007) Comparison of suitable drought indices for climate change impacts assessment over Australia towards resource management. International Journal of Climatology, 28, 12831292.
  • Nair US, Ray DK, Wang J, Christopher SA, Lyons TJ, Welch RM, Pielke RA (2007) Observational estimates of radiative forcing due to land use change in southwest Australia. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 112, D09117, doi: DOI: 10.1029/2006JD007505.
  • Narisma GT, Foley JA, Licker R, Ramankutty N (2007) Abrupt changes in rainfall during the twentieth century. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L06710, doi: DOI: 10.1029/2006GL028628.
  • Narisma GT, Pitman AJ (2003) The impact of 200 years of land cover change on the Australian near-surface climate. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 4, 424436.
  • National Research Council (2005) Radiative Forcing of Climate Change – Expanding the Concept and Addressing Uncertainties. The National Academies Press, Washington, DC.
  • Nicholls N (2004) The changing nature of Australian droughts. Climatic Change, 63, 323336.
  • Nicholls N (2006) Detecting and attributing Australian climate change: a review. Australian Meteorological Magazine, 55, 199211.
  • Nicholls N, Drosdowsky W, Lavery B (1997) Australian rainfall variability and change. Weather, 52, 6672.
  • Noble JC (1997a) The Delicate and Noxious Scrub: CSIRO Studies on Native Tree and Shrub Proliferation in the Semi-Arid Woodlands of Eastern Australia. CSIRO, Canberra.
  • Noble JC (1997b) The potential for using fire in northern Australian pastoral lands. In: Fire in the Management of Northern Australian Pastoral Lands (eds GriceAC, SlatterSM), pp. 4147. Tropical Grassland Society of Australia Occasional Publication No. 8, Brisbane.
  • Paeth H, Thamm HP (2006) Regional modelling of future African climate north of 15 degrees S including greenhouse warming and land degradation. Climatic Change, 83, 401427.
  • Pal JS, Eltahir EAB (2001) Pathways relating soil moisture conditions to future summer rainfall within a model of the land–atmosphere system. Journal of Climate, 14, 12271242.
  • Pickett STA, Cadenasso ML (2002) The ecosystem as a multidimensional concept: meaning, model, and metaphor. Ecosystems, 5, 110.
  • Pielke RA (2005) Land use and climate change. Science, 310, 16251626.
  • Pielke RA, Adegoke JO, Chase TN, Marshall CH, Matsui T, Niyogi D (2007) A new paradigm for assessing the role of agriculture in the climate system and in climate change. Agricultural Forest Meteorology, 132, 234254.
  • Pitman AJ, Narisma GT (2005) The role of land surface processes in regional climate change: a case study of future land cover change over south western Australia. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 89, 235249.
  • Pitman AJ, Narisma GT, Pielke RA, Holbrook NJ (2004) Impact of land cover change on the climate of southwest Western Australia. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 109, D18109, doi: DOI: 10.1029/2003JD004347.
  • Pollard D, Thompson SL (1995) Use of a land-surface-transfer scheme (LSX) in a global climate model – the response to doubling stomatal-resistance. Global and Planetary Change, 10, 129161.
  • Power S, Casey T, Folland C, Colman A, Mehta V (1999) Inter-decadal modulation of the impact of ENSO on Australia. Climate Dynamics, 15, 319324.
  • Power SB, Smith IN (2007) Weakening of the Walker Circulation and apparent dominance of El Niño both reach record levels, but has ENSO really changed?. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L18702, doi: DOI: 10.1029/2007GL030854.
  • QCCCE (2007) The South East Queensland Drought to 2007. Queensland Climate Change Centre of Excellence, Department of Natural Resources and Water, Brisbane.
  • Rahmstorf S, Cazenave A, Church JA, Hansen JE, Keeling RF, Parker DE, Somerville RCJ (2007) Recent climate observations compared to projections. Science, 316, 709709.
  • Ramankutty N, Foley JA, Olejniczak NJ (2002) People on the land: changes in global population and croplands during the 20th century. Ambio, 31, 251257.
  • Ray DK, Nair US, Welch RM et al. (2003) Effects of land use in southwest Australia: 1. Observations of cumulus cloudiness and energy fluxes. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, 44144434.
  • Rial JA, Pielke RA, Beniston M et al. (2004) Nonlinearities, feedbacks and critical thresholds within the Earth's climate system. Climatic Change, 65, 1138.
  • Rotstayn LD, Keywood MD, Forgan BW et al. (2008) Possible impacts of anthropogenic and natural aerosols on Australian climate: a review. International Journal of Climatology, 29, 461479.
  • Roy SB, Avissar R (2002) Impact of land use/land cover change on regional hydrometeorology in Amazonia. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107, LBA 4.1LBA 4.12.
  • Ryan JG, Ludwig JA, McAlpine CA (2007) Complex adaptive landscapes (CAL): a conceptual framework of multi-functional, non-linear ecohydrological feedback systems. Ecological Complexity, 4, 113127.
  • Scheffer M, Carpenter S, Foley JA, Folke C, Walker B (2001) Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems. Nature, 413, 591596.
  • Scholes RJ, Archer SR (1997) Tree–grass interactions in savannas. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 28, 517544.
  • Schulmeister J, Lees BG (1995) Pollen evidence from tropical Australia for the onset of an ENSO-dominated climate at c. 4000 yr BP. The Holocene, 5, 1018.
  • Schweitzer F (1997) Self-organization of complex structures: from individual to collective dynamics – some introductory remarks. In: Self-Organization of Complex Structures: From Individual to Collective Dynamics (ed. SchweitzerF), pp. xixxxiv. Gordon and Breach Science, Amsterdam.
  • Seabrook L, McAlpine C, Fensham R (2006) Cattle, crops and clearing: regional drivers of landscape change in the Brigalow Belt, Queensland, Australia, 1840–2004. Landscape and Urban Planning, 78, 373385.
  • Segal M, Pan Z, Turner RW, Takle ES (1998) On the potential impact of irrigated areas in North America on summer rainfall caused by large-scale systems. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 37, 325331.
  • Seidel DJ, Randel RJ (2007) Recent widening of the tropical belt: evidence from tropopause observations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, D20113, doi: DOI: 10.1029/2007JD008861.
  • Shukla J, Nobre C, Sellers P (1990) Amazon deforestation and climate change. Science, 247, 13221325.
  • Smith I (2004) An assessment of recent trends in Australian rainfall. Australian Meteorological Magazine, 53, 163173.
  • Smith I, Chandler E (in press) Refining rainfall projections for the Murray Darling Basin of south-east Australia: the effect of sampling model results based on performance. Climatic Change.
  • Smith JB (1997) Setting priorities for adapting to climate change. Global Environmental Change – Human and Policy Dimensions, 7, 251264.
  • Stafford-Smith DM, McKeon GM, Watson IW, Henry BK, Stone GS, Hall WB, Howden SM (2007) Learning from episodes of degradation and recovery in variable Australian rangelands. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 104, 2069020695.
  • Steffen W (2006) Stronger Evidence but New Challenges: Climate Change Science 2001–2005. Australian Greenhouse Office, Canberra. Available at http://www.greenhouse.gov.au/science/publications/science2001-05.html (Accessed 22 April 2009).
  • Stokes C, Ash A, Tibbett M, Holtum J (2005) OzFACE: the Australian savanna free air CO2 enrichment facility and its relevance to carbon-cycling issues in a tropical savanna. Australian Journal of Botany, 53, 677687.
  • Stokes CJ, Howden M, Gifford RM et al. (2008) An overview of climate change adaptation in Australian primary industries – impacts, options and priorities. In: Report Prepared for the National Climate Change Research Strategy for Primary Industries (eds StokesCJ, HowdenM), pp. 348. CSIRO, Canberra.
  • Sturman AP, McGowan HA (2009) Observations of dry season surface energy exchanges over a desert clay pan, Queensland, Australia. Journal of Arid Environments, 73, 7481.
  • Syktus JI, Deo RC, McAlpine CA, McGowan HA, Phinn SR (2007) Impact of land cover change on regional climate and El Niño in Australia. International Congress on Modelling and Simulation (MODSIM 07), 10–13 December 2007, The University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.
  • Taylor CM (2001) Feedbacks between the land surface and the atmosphere in the Sahel. Aridlands Newsletter, No. 49, May/June 2001, Arid Lands Information Center, The Office of Arid Lands Studies, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, The University of Arizona, Tucson.
  • Trenberth KE (1999) Atmospheric moisture recycling: role of advection and local evaporation. Journal of Climate, 12, 13681381.
  • Vecchi GA, Soden BJ (2007) Increased tropical Atlantic wind shear in model projections of global warming. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L08702, doi: DOI: 10.1029/2006GL028905.
  • Vecchi GA, Soden BJ, Wittenberg AT, Held IM, Leetmaa A, Harrison MJ (2006) Weakening of tropical Pacific atmospheric circulation due to anthropogenic forcing. Nature, 441, 7376.
  • Vitousek P, Aber J, Howarth RW et al. (1997) Human alteration of the global nitrogen cycle: causes and consequences. Issues in Ecology, 1, 216.
  • Voldoire A, Royer JF (2002) Impact of anthropogenic land cover use on climate. In: Abstract No. 6636, EGS XXVII General Assembly, Nice, 21–26 April 2002, Vol. 27.
  • Walker BH, Salt D (2006) Resilience Thinking: Sustaining Ecosystems and People in a Changing World. Island Press, Washington, DC.
  • Wang GL (2004) A conceptual modeling study on biosphere–atmosphere interactions and its implications for physically based climate modeling. Journal of Climate, 17, 25722583.
  • Watson IW, Thomas PWE, Fletcher WJ (2007) The first assessment, using a rangeland monitoring system, of change in shrub and tree populations across the arid shrublands of Western Australia. The Rangeland Journal, 29, 2537.
  • White WB, McKeon GM, Syktus JI (2003) Australian drought: the interference of multi-spectral global standing modes and travelling waves. International Journal of Climatology, 23, 631662.
  • Wu J, Marceau D (2002) Modeling complex ecological systems: an introduction. Ecological Modelling, 153, 16.
  • Zalewski M, Santiago-Fandino V, Neate J (2003) Energy, water, plant interactions: ‘Green feedback’ as a mechanism for environmental management and control through the application of phytotechnology and ecohydrology. Hydrological Processes, 17, 27532767.