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Figure S1. Spatial distribution of species selected in this study inferred from the FAO geographical distribution model (left) and the AquaMap approach (right, Kaschner et al., 2006). (a) Atlantic horse mackerel, (b) European anchovy, (c) European sprat, (d) pollack, (e) common sole, (f) haddock, (g) saithe and (h) turbot. The FAO model illustrates the predicted distribution area of marine fish from a GIS approach. Red areas represent regions where the presence of the species is considered as certain. No FAO map for turbot was available. The RES model represents the probability of species presence (between 0 and 1).

Figure S2. Spatial and temporal distribution of occurrences datapoints for Atlantic horse mackerel used to assess the spatial distribution of species.

Figure S3. Spatial and temporal distribution of occurrence datapoints for European anchovy used to assess the spatial distribution of species.

Figure S4. Spatial and temporal distribution of occurrence datapoints for European sprat used to assess the spatial distribution of species.

Figure S5. Spatial and temporal distribution of occurrence datapoints for pollack used to assess the spatial distribution of species.

Figure S6. Spatial and temporal distribution of occurrence datapoints for common sole used to assess the spatial distribution of species.

Figure S7. Spatial and temporal distribution of occurrence datapoints for haddock used to assess the spatial distribution of species.

Figure S8. Spatial and temporal distribution of occurrence datapoints for saithe used to assess the spatial distribution of species.

Figure S9. Spatial and temporal distribution of occurrence datapoints for turbot used to assess the spatial distribution of species.

Figure S10. Ecological niches (sensu Hutchinson 1957) estimated from the occurrence data of the original (uncorrected) training set and as a function of three environmental parameters: annual sea surface temperature (SST, left panels), bathymetry (middle panels) and annual sea surface salinity (SSS, right panels). (a) Atlantic horse mackerel, (b) European anchovy, (c) European sprat, (d) pollack, (e) common sole, (f) haddock, (g) saithe and (h) turbot.

Figure S11. Estimated probability of occurrence using the model NPPEN for the decade 2050–2059 and 2090–2099 (scenario B2) in the North Atlantic Ocean. (a) Atlantic horse mackerel, (b) European anchovy, (c) European sprat, (d) pollack, (e) common sole, (f) haddock, (g) saithe and (h) turbot. The western boundary of the model was fixed to 40°W. This was arbitrary selected for species (but haddock and saithe) which are only found on the eastern side of the Atlantic Ocean.

Figure S12. Estimated probability of occurrence of Atlantic horse mackerel using model NPPEN for the decade 1960–1969, the time period 2000–2005 and for the decades 2050–2059 and 2090–2099 (scenario B2) in the North Atlantic Ocean.

Figure S13. Estimated probability of occurrence of European anchovy using the model NPPEN for the decade 1960–1969, the time period 2000–2005 and for the decades 2050–2059 and 2090–2099 (scenario B2) in the North Atlantic Ocean.

Figure S14. Estimated probability of occurrence of European sprat using the model NPPEN for the decade 1960–1969, the time period 2000–2005 and for decades 2050–2059 and 2090–2099 (scenario B2) in the North Atlantic Ocean.

Figure S15. Estimated probability of occurrence of pollack using the model model NPPEN the decade 1960–1969, the time period 2000–2005 and for the decades 2059 and 2090–2099 (scenario B2) in the North Atlantic Ocean.

Figure S16. Estimated probability of occurrence of common sole using the NPPEN NPPEN for the decade 1960–1969, the time period 2000–2005 and for decades 2050–2059 and 2090–2099 (scenario B2) in the North Atlantic Ocean.

Figure S17. Estimated probability of occurrence of haddock using the model for the decade 1960–1969, the time period 2000–2005 and for the decades 2050–2059 and 2090–2099 (scenario B2) in the North Atlantic Ocean.

Figure S18. Estimated probability of occurrence of saithe using the model NPPEN the decade 1960–1969, the time period 2000–2005 and for the decades 2059 and 2090–2099 (scenario B2) in the North Atlantic Ocean.

Figure S19. Estimated probability of occurrence of turbot using the model NPPEN the decade 1960–1969, the time period 2000–2005 and for the decades 2050–2059 and 2090–2099 (scenario B2) in the North Atlantic Ocean.

Table S1. List of marine fish species used in this study with their official FAO and scientific names. The bathymetric preference for each species was obtained from Louisy (2002) and FishBase (Froese & Pauly, 2009; http://www.FishBase.org). The number of occurrence points before (left) and after (right) the attribution of environmental variables is indicated, showing the reduction in the data because of missing environmental data.

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