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The human-induced imbalance between C, N and P in Earth's life system

Authors

  • Josep Peñuelas,

    Corresponding author
    • Global Ecology Unit CREAF-CEAB-CSIC, CREAF (Center for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications), Edifici C, Universitat Autònoma Barcelona, Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain
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  • Jordi Sardans,

    1. Global Ecology Unit CREAF-CEAB-CSIC, CREAF (Center for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications), Edifici C, Universitat Autònoma Barcelona, Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain
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  • Albert Rivas-ubach,

    1. Global Ecology Unit CREAF-CEAB-CSIC, CREAF (Center for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications), Edifici C, Universitat Autònoma Barcelona, Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain
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  • Ivan A. Janssens

    1. Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Flanders, Belgium
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Correspondence: Josep Peñuelas, tel. +34 935 811 312, fax +34 935 814 151, e-mail: Josep.Penuelas@uab.cat

Abstract

Human-induced carbon and nitrogen fertilization are generating a strong imbalance with P. This imbalance confers an increasingly important role to P availability and N : P ratio in the Earth's life system, affecting carbon sequestration potential and the structure, function and evolution of the Earth's ecosystems.

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