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Keywords:

  • haemophilia;
  • HIV;
  • Ortner syndrome;
  • pulmonary hypertension

Summary.  Compression and paralysis of the left recurrent laryngeal nerve by a dilated pulmonary artery is a rare complication of pulmonary hypertension. We here report the case of a patient with severe haemophilia A and HIV infection who presented with a persistent hoarseness of voice and a left vocal cord palsy caused by HIV-associated pulmonary hypertension. This case suggests that HIV-associated pulmonary hypertension should be suspected in any HIV patient presenting with unexplained left vocal cord palsy.