• aquatic training;
  • exercise;
  • haemophilia;
  • oxygen uptake;
  • rehabilitation

Summary.  Thirteen patients with haemophilia A took part in this study voluntarily. They underwent an aquatic training programme over a 9-week period (27 sessions; three sessions per week; 1 h per session). Their motor performance was assessed by the following cardio-respiratory and mechanical variables before and after the training programme: oxygen uptake (VO2, mL min−1), relative oxygen uptake (rel VO2, mL min−1·kg−1), carbon dioxide (CO2, mL min−1), respiratory quotient (R), heart rate (bpm) and the distance covered in 12 min (the Cooper test, m). Nine patients successfully completed the intervention and measurement protocols without bleeding or other adverse events. After the proposed training programme, significant differences between the pre-test and post-test were observed. Patients’ aerobic capacity increased considerably, and their oxygen uptake improved by 51.51% (< 0.05), while their relative oxygen uptake went up by 37.73% (< 0.05). Their mechanical capacity also increased considerably (14.68%, < 0.01). Our results suggest that 27 specially designed aquatic training sessions for our patients with haemophilia A had a positive effect on their motor performance and considerably improved their aerobic and mechanical capacity without causing adverse effects.