Safety and efficacy of plasma-derived coagulation factor IX concentrate (AlphaNine® SD) in patients with haemophilia B undergoing surgical intervention: a single institution retrospective analysis

Authors


Doris V. K. Quon, MD, PhD, Hemophilia Treatment Center, Orthopaedic Hospital, 2400 South Flower St., Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Tel.: +1 213 742 1402; fax: +1 213 742 1103;
e-mail: dquon@laoh.ucla.edu

Abstract

Summary.  While coagulation factor replacement is essential in surgical intervention in haemophilia B patients, few studies are available on the safety and efficacy of plasma-derived factor IX (FIX) for haemostasis during surgery. This retrospective study examined outcomes in these patients. A total of 20 patients who underwent 29 surgical procedures at the Hemophilia Treatment Center at Orthopaedic Hospital in Los Angeles, California, were identified and their inpatient charts were reviewed and abstracted. Outcomes included pre- and postoperative FIX dosing, recovery of FIX, blood loss, use of blood products, safety and haemostatic response. Identified patients had mild (10%), moderate (15%) or severe (75%) haemophilia B, and average age at surgery was 48.5 years. All surgical procedures were major (orthopaedic 89.7%; abdominal 10.3%), all were completed under general anaesthesia, and average time in surgery was 3.25 h. Average hospital length of stay was 11.0 days [standard deviation (SD) = 8.5] and all patients were discharged home. All patients were treated with AlphaNine® SD at an average dose of 254.9 IU kg−1 (SD = 65.4) on the day of surgery and the dose was adjusted over the course of hospital stay. Mean perioperative blood loss was 255.5 mL (SD = 283.1) and blood replacement was required in only two surgeries (6.9%). FIX recovery analysis performed preoperatively related well to FIX levels obtained. Identified patients had little blood loss perioperatively and had no bleeding related complications. Plasma-derived FIX pre- and postoperatively appeared to be a safe and effective treatment in haemophilia B patients undergoing surgery.

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