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References

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List of included studies and related papers (listed in Tables S1–S6)

  1. List of included studies and related papers (listed in Tables S1–S6)
  • Aiken L.S., Butner J., Lockhart C.A., Volk-Craft B.E., Hamilton G. & Williams F.G. (2006) Outcome evaluation of a randomized trial of the PhoenixCare intervention: program of case management and coordinated care for the seriously chronically ill. Journal of Palliative Medicine 9, 111126.
  • Alessi C.A., Stuck A.E., Aronow H.U. et al. (1997) The process of care in preventive in-home comprehensive geriatric assessment. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 45, 10441050. (related to Stuck et al. 1995)
  • Banerjee S., Shamash K., Macdonald A.J. & Mann A.H. (1996) Randomised controlled trial of effect of intervention by psychogeriatric team on depression in frail elderly people at home. British Medical Journal 313, 10581061.
  • Battersby M.W. (2005) Health reform through coordinated care: SA HealthPlus. British Medical Journal 330, 662665.
  • Battersby M., Harvey P., Mills P.D. et al. (2007) SA HealthPlus: a controlled trial of a statewide application of a generic model of chronic illness care. Milbank Quarterly 85, 3767.
  • Beland F., Bergman H., Lebel P., Clarfield A.M., Tousignant P., Contandriopoulos A.P. & Dallaire L. (2006a) A system of integrated care for older persons with disabilities in Canada: results from a randomized controlled trial. Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 61, 367373.
  • Beland F., Bergman H., Lebel P., Dallaire L., Fletcher J., Contandriopoulos A.P. & Tousignant P. (2006b) Integrated services for frail elders (SIPA): a trial of a model for Canada. Canadian Journal on Aging 25, 542.
  • Beland F., Bergman H. & Lebel P. (2006c) SIPA: an integrated system of care for frail elderly persons [WWW document]. URL http://www.solidage.com (Evaluation and results) (accessed on 15/1/2010)
  • Bernabei R., Landi F., Gambassi G. et al. (1998) Randomised trial of impact of model of integrated care and case management for older people living in the community. British Medical Journal 316, 13481351.
  • Boult C., Boult L.B., Morishita L., Dowd B., Kane R.L. & Urdangarin C.F. (2001) A randomized clinical trial of outpatient geriatric evaluation and management. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 49, 351359.
  • Boult C., Boult L., Murphy C., Ebbitt B., Luptak M. & Kane R.L. (1994) A controlled trial of outpatient geriatric evaluation and management. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 42, 465470.
  • Boult C., Boult L., Morishita L., Smith S.L. & Kane R.L. (1998) Outpatient geriatric evaluation and management. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 46, 296302.
  • Brumley R., Enguidanos S., Jamison P. et al. (2007) Increased satisfaction with care and lower costs: results of a randomized trial of in-home palliative care. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 55, 9931000.
  • Brumley R.D., Enguidanos S. & Cherin D.A. (2003) Effectiveness of a home-based palliative care program for end-of-life. Journal of Palliative Medicine 6, 715724.
  • Burns R., Nichols L.O., Graney M.J. & Cloar F.T. (1995) Impact of continued geriatric outpatient management on health outcomes of older veterans. Archives of Internal Medicine 155, 13131318.
  • Burns R., Nichols L.O., Martindale-Adams J. & Graney M.J. (2000) Interdisciplinary geriatric primary care evaluation and management: two-year outcomes. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 48, 813.
  • Burroughs H., Lovell K., Morley M., Baldwin R., Burns A. & Chew-Graham C. (2006) ‘Justifiable depression’: how primary care professionals and patients view late-life depression? A qualitative study. Family Practice 23, 369377.
  • Byles J.E., Francis L. & McKernon M. (2002) The experiences of non-medical health professionals undertaking community-based assessments for people aged 75 years and over. Health and Social Care in the Community 10, 6773.
  • Byles J.E., Tavener M., O’Connell R.L. et al. (2004) Randomised controlled trial of health assessments for older Australian veterans and war widows. Medical Journal of Australia 181, 186190.
  • Chew-Graham C.A., Lovell K., Roberts C. et al. (2007) A randomised controlled trial to test the feasibility of a collaborative care model for the management of depression in older people. British Journal of General Practice 57, 364370.
  • Cohen H.J., Feussner J.R., Weinberger M. et al. (2002) A controlled trial of inpatient and outpatient geriatric evaluation and management. New England Journal of Medicine 346, 905912.
  • Counsell S.R., Callahan C.M., Clark D.O., Tu W., Buttar A.B., Stump T.E. & Ricketts G.D. (2007) Geriatric care management for low-income seniors: a randomized controlled trial. The Journal of the American Medical Association 298, 26232633.
  • Cunliffe A.L., Gladman J.R., Husbands S.L., Miller P., Dewey M.E. & Harwood R.H. (2004) Sooner and healthier: a randomised controlled trial and interview study of an early discharge rehabilitation service for older people. Age and Ageing 33, 246252.
  • Engelhardt J.B., Toseland R.W., O’Donnell J.C., Richie J.T., Jue D. & Banks S. (1996) The effectiveness and efficiency of outpatient geriatric evaluation and management. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 44, 847856.
  • Enguidanos S.M., Gibbs N.E., Simmons W.J. et al. (2003) Kaiser Permanente community partners project: improving geriatric care management practices. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 51, 710714.
  • Enguidanos S.M. & Jamison P.M. (2006) Moving from tacit knowledge to evidence-based practice: the Kaiser Permanente community partners study. Home Health Care Serv Q 25, 1331.
  • Epstein A.M., Hall J.A., Fretwell M. et al. (1990) Consultative geriatric assessment for ambulatory patients. A randomized trial in a health maintenance organization. The Journal of the American Medical Association 263, 538544.
  • Fordyce M., Bardole D., Romer L., Soghikian K. & Fireman B. (1997) Senior Team Assessment and Referral Program – STAR. Journal of the American Board of Family Practice 10, 398406.
  • Garasen H., Windspoll R. & Johnsen R. (2007) Intermediate care at a community hospital as an alternative to prolonged general hospital care for elderly patients: a randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health 7, 68.
  • Garasen H., Windspoll R. & Johnsen R. (2008) Long-term patients’ outcomes after intermediate care at a community hospital for elderly patients: 12-month follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 36, 197204.
  • Harvey P. (2001) The impact of coordinated care: Eyre region, South Australia 1997–1999. Australian Journal of Rural Health 9, 6973.
  • Hendriks M.R., van Haastregt J.C., Diederiks J.P., Evers S.M., Crebolder H.F. & van Eijk J.T. (2005) Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a multidisciplinary intervention programme to prevent new falls and functional decline among elderly persons at risk: design of a replicated randomised controlled trial [ISRCTN64716113]. BMC Public Health 5, 6.
  • Hendriks M.R., Bleijlevens M.H., van Haastregt J.C. et al. (2008a) Lack of effectiveness of a multidisciplinary fall-prevention program in elderly people at risk: a randomized, controlled trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 56, 13901397.
  • Hendriks M.R., Evers S.M., Bleijlevens M.H., van Haastregt J.C., Crebolder H.F. & van Eijk J.T. (2008b) Cost-effectiveness of a multidisciplinary fall prevention program in community-dwelling elderly people: a randomized controlled trial (ISRCTN 64716113). International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 24, 193202.
  • Hinkka K., Karppi S.L., Aaltonen T. et al. (2006) A network-based geriatric rehabilitation programme: study design and baseline characteristics of the patients. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research 29, 97103.
  • Hinkka K., Karppi S.L., Pohjolainen T., Rantanen T., Puukka P. & Tilvis R. (2007) Network-based geriatric rehabilitation for frail elderly people: feasibility and effects on subjective health and pain at one year. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 39, 473478.
  • Hogan D.B., MacDonald F.A., Betts J. et al. (2001) A randomized controlled trial of a community-based consultation service to prevent falls. Canadian Medical Association Journal 165, 537543.
  • Hughes S.L., Weaver F.M., Giobbie-Hurder A. et al. (2000) Effectiveness of team-managed home-based primary care: a randomized multicenter trial. The Journal of the American Medical Association 284, 28772885.
  • Kalucy L., Beacham B., Tsourtos G. et al. (2000) Evaluation of SA Health Plus Coordinated Care Trial. Full report. Centre for Health Care Evaluation, Flinders University, South Australia.
  • Keeler E.B., Robalino D.A., Frank J.C., Hirsch S.H., Maly R.C. & Reuben D.B. (1999) Cost-effectiveness of outpatient geriatric assessment with an intervention to increase adherence. Medical Care 37, 11991206.
  • Leung A., Liu C., Chow N. & Chi I. (2004) Cost-benefit analysis of a case management project for the community-dwelling frail elderly in Hong Kong. Journal of Applied Gerontology 23, 7085.
  • Llewellyn-Jones R.H., Baikie K.A., Smithers H., Cohen J., Snowdon J. & Tennant C.C. (1999) Multifaceted shared care intervention for late life depression in residential care: randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal 319, 676682.
  • Long M.J. & Marshall B.S. (1999) Case management and the cost of care in the last month of life: evidence from one managed care setting. Health Care Management Review 24, 4553.(related to Marshall et al. 1999)
  • Marshall B.S., Long M.J., Voss J., Demma K. & Skerl K.P. (1999) Case management of the elderly in a health maintenance organization: the implications for program administration under managed care. Journal of Healthcare Management 44, 477491; discussion 492–473.
  • Mcinnes E., Mira M., Atkin N., Kennedy P. & Cullen J. (1999) Can GP input into discharge planning result in better outcomes for the frail aged: results from a randomized controlled trial. Family Practice 16, 289293.
  • Melin A.L., Hakansson S. & Bygren L.O. (1993) The cost-effectiveness of rehabilitation in the home: a study of Swedish elderly. American Journal of Public Health 83, 356362.
  • Montgomery P.R. & Fallis W.M. (2003) South Winnipeg Integrated Geriatric program (SWING): a rapid community-response program for the frail elderly. Canadian Journal on Aging-revue canadienne du vieillissement 22 (3), 275281.
  • Morishita L., Boult C., Boult L., Smith S. & Pacala J.T. (1998) Satisfaction with outpatient geriatric evaluation and management (GEM). Gerontologist 38, 303308.
  • Naylor M., Brooten D., Jones R., Lavizzo-Mourey R., Mezey M. & Pauly M. (1994) Comprehensive discharge planning for the hospitalized elderly. A randomized clinical trial. Annals of Internal Medicine 120, 9991006.
  • Naylor M.D., Brooten D., Campbell R., Jacobsen B.S., Mezey M.D., Pauly M.V. & Schwartz J.S. (1999) Comprehensive discharge planning and home follow-up of hospitalized elders: a randomized clinical trial. The Journal of the American Medical Association 281, 613620.
  • Nikolaus T. & Bach M. (2003) Preventing falls in community-dwelling frail older people using a home intervention team (HIT): results from the randomized Falls-HIT trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 51, 300305.
  • Nikolaus T., Specht-Leible N., Bach M., Oster P. & Schlierf G. (1999) A randomized trial of comprehensive geriatric assessment and home intervention in the care of hospitalized patients. Age and Ageing 28, 543550.
  • Nikolaus T., Specht-Leible N., Bach M., Wittmann-Jennewein C., Oster P. & Schlierf G. (1995) Effectiveness of hospital-based geriatric evaluation and management and home intervention team (GEM-HIT). Rationale and design of a 5-year randomized trial. Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie und Geriatrie 28, 4753.
  • Ollonqvist K., Aaltonen T., Karppi S.L., Hinkka K. & Pontinen S. (2008) Network-based rehabilitation increases formal support of frail elderly home-dwelling persons in Finland: randomised controlled trial. Health and Social Care in the Community 16, 115125.
  • Ollonqvist K., Gronlund R., Karppi S.L., Salmelainen U., Poikkeus L. & Hinkka K. (2007) A network-based rehabilitation model for frail elderly people: development and assessment of a new model. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences 21, 253261.
  • Phelan E.A., Balderson B., Levine M. et al. (2007) Delivering effective primary care to older adults: a randomized, controlled trial of the senior resource team at group health cooperative. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 55, 17481756.
  • Ranmuthugala G., McInnes E., Mira M., Rendalls S., Atkin N. & Kennedy P. (1997) A pre-discharge project – does GP willingness equal involvement? Australian Family Physician 26 (Suppl 2), S104S108.
  • Reuben D.B., Frank J.C., Hirsch S.H., McGuigan K.A. & Maly R.C. (1999) A randomized clinical trial of outpatient comprehensive geriatric assessment coupled with an intervention to increase adherence to recommendations. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 47, 269276.
  • Rubenstein L.Z., Aronow H.U., Schloe M. et al. (1994) A home-based geriatric assessment, follow-up and health promotion program: design, methods, and baseline findings from a 3-year randomized clinical trial. Aging (Milano) 6, 105120.
  • Schmader K.E., Hanlon J.T., Pieper C.F. et al. (2004) Effects of geriatric evaluation and management on adverse drug reactions and suboptimal prescribing in the frail elderly. American Journal of Medicine 116, 394401.
  • Silverman M., Musa D., Martin D.C., Lave J.R., Adams J. & Ricci E.M. (1995) Evaluation of outpatient geriatric assessment: a randomized multi-site trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 43, 733740.
  • Sommers L.S., Marton K.I., Barbaccia J.C. & Randolph J. (2000) Physician, nurse, and social worker collaboration in primary care for chronically ill seniors. Archives of Internal Medicine 160, 18251833.
  • Stuck A.E., Aronow H.U., Steiner A. et al. (1995) A trial of annual in-home comprehensive geriatric assessments for elderly people living in the community. New England Journal of Medicine 333, 11841189.
  • Stuck A.E., Minder C.E., Peter-Wuest I. et al. (2000) A randomized trial of in-home visits for disability prevention in community-dwelling older people at low and high risk for nursing home admission. Archives of Internal Medicine 160, 977986.
  • Toseland R.W., O’Donnell J.C., Engelhardt J.B., Hendler S.A., Richie J.T. & Jue D. (1996) Outpatient geriatric evaluation and management. Results of a randomized trial. Medical Care 34, 624640.
  • Toseland R.W., O’Donnell J.C., Engelhardt J.B., Richie J., Jue D. & Banks S.M. (1997) Outpatient geriatric evaluation and management: is there an investment effect? Gerontologist 37, 324332.
  • Weinberger M., Oddone E.Z. & Henderson W.G. (1996) Does increased access to primary care reduce hospital readmissions? Veterans Affairs Cooperative Study Group on Primary Care and Hospital Readmission. New England Journal of Medicine 334, 14411447.