• BerEP4;
  • CD10;
  • immunohistochemistry;
  • MOC31;
  • RCC marker;
  • renal cell carcinoma;
  • renal oncocytoma

Aims:  To demonstrate the diagnostic utility of MOC31, BerEP4, renal cell carcinoma marker (RCC Ma) and CD10 in the classification of RCC and renal oncocytoma, based upon a comprehensive immunohistochemical analysis.

Methods and results:  Immunohistochemistry was performed on 328 samples consisting of 256 clear cell/conventional, 27 papillary, 28 chromophobe, five collecting duct, five unclassified RCCs and seven renal oncocytomas using antibodies MOC31, BerEP4 and antibodies against cytokeratins (KL-1, CAM5.2, 34βE12, cytokeratin 7), RCC Ma, epithelial membrane antigen, E-cadherin, CD10, CD15 and vimentin. Multivariate analysis showed that MOC31, BerEP4, RCC Ma and CD10 have discriminatory value. MOC31 and BerEP4 chiefly labelled distal tubules of normal kidney while RCC Ma and CD10 labelled the proximal tubules. Twenty-three chromophobe RCCs (82%) were reactive for MOC31, while only four clear cell RCCs and three papillary RCCs were positive for this marker. Clear cell RCCs were characterized by a high positive rate for CD10 (82%) and a low positive rate for BerEP4 (27%). Papillary RCCs frequently coexpressed RCC Ma and BerEP4 (51%). All renal oncocytomas were negative for MOC31 and CD10.

Conclusions:  MOC31 has diagnostic merit in discerning chromophobe RCC. The CD10+/BerEP4– profile and RCC Ma+/BerEP4+ profile achieve moderate sensitivity and good specificity for clear cell RCC and papillary RCC, respectively. The non-reactivity for both MOC31 and CD10 is helpful in distinguishing renal oncocytoma from RCC. When properly selected, antibodies have immunohistochemical diagnostic utility for the classification of renal cortical epithelial tumours.