Detection of the ASPSCR1–TFE3 gene fusion in paraffin-embedded alveolar soft part sarcomas
Version of Record online: 31 MAY 2007
Volume 50, Issue 7, pages 881–886, June 2007
How to Cite
Aulmann, S., Longerich, T., Schirmacher, P., Mechtersheimer, G. and Penzel, R. (2007), Detection of the ASPSCR1–TFE3 gene fusion in paraffin-embedded alveolar soft part sarcomas. Histopathology, 50: 881–886. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2559.2007.02693.x
- Issue online: 31 MAY 2007
- Version of Record online: 31 MAY 2007
- Date of submission 16 October 2006 Accepted for publication 22 October 2006
- alveolar soft part sarcoma;
- fluorescence in situ hybridization;
Aims: Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare soft tissue tumour with unique morphology and a recurrent, non-reciprocal translocation der(17)t(X;17)(p11.2;q25) leading to the fusion of ASPSCR1 (also known as ASPL) to the transcription factor TFE3. Although diagnosis is straightforward in classical cases, tumours with atypical morphological features may be difficult to classify solely on the basis of conventional histopathology. The aim of this study was to analyse the chromosomal breakpoints in paraffin-embedded tissue.
Methods and results: Three male and two female ASPS patients including one case with uncommon histology were investigated by fluorescence in situ hybridization with split- and fusion-probes. The presence of the resulting ASPSCR1–TFE3 fusion transcripts was assessed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Hybridization results showed a t(X;17)(p11.2;q25) in all tumours with a duplication of the telomeric part of chromosome Xp. In addition to wild-type TFE3, ASPSCR1–TFE3 fusion transcripts (three type 1 and two type 2 transcripts) were detected in all cases.
Conclusions: Molecular confirmation of ASPSCR1–TFE3 gene fusion is applicable to routinely processed archival and diagnostic tumour samples and aids in the differential diagnosis of ASPS.