• 1
    Yeaman GR, Howell AL, Weldon S et al. HIV receptor and co-receptor expression on human uterine epithelial cells: Regulation during the menstrual cycle and implications for HIV infection. Immunology 2003; 109: 13746.
  • 2
    Poppe W, Drijkoningen M, Ide P, Lauweryns J, Van Assche F. Lymphocytes and dendritic cells in the normal uterine cervix. An immunohistochemical study. Reprod Biol 1998; 81: 27782.
  • 3
    Roncalli M, Sideri M, Gie P, Servida E. Immunophenotypic analysis of the transformation zone of human cervix. Lab Invest 1988; 58: 1419.
  • 4
    Gupta P, Collins KB, Ratner D, Watkins S, Naus GJ, Landers DV, Patterson BK. Memory CD4+ T cells are the earliest detectable human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected cells in the female genital mucosal tissue during HIV-1 transmission in an organ culture system. J Virol 2002; 76: 986876.DOI: 10.1128/JVI.76.19.9868-9876.2002
  • 5
    Hu J, Gardner MD, Miller CJ. Simian immunodeficiency virus rapidly penetrates the cervicovaginal mucosa after intravaginal inoculation and infects intraepithelial dendritic cells. J Virol 2000; 74: 608795.DOI: 10.1128/JVI.74.13.6087-6095.2000
  • 6
    Spira A, Marx P, Patterson B, Mahoney J, Koup R, Wolinsky S, Ho D. Cellular targets of infection and route of viral dissemination after an intravaginal inoculation of simian immunodeficiency virus into rhesus macaques. J Exp Med 1996; 183: 21525.DOI: 10.1084/jem.183.1.215
  • 7
    Zhang Z, Schuler T, Zupancic M et al. Sexual transmission and propagation of SIV and HIV in resting and activated CD4+ T cells. Science 1999; 286: 13537.DOI: 10.1126/science.286.5443.1353
  • 8
    Su S, Gurney K, Lee B. Sugar and spice: viral envelope–DC–SIGN interactions in HIV pathogenesis. Curr HIV Res 2003; 1: 8799.
  • 9
    Donaghy H, Stebbing J, Patterson S. Antigen presentation and the role of dendritic cells in HIV. Curr Opin Infect Dis 2004; 17: 16.DOI: 10.1097/00001432-200402000-00002
  • 10
    Cambi A, De Lange F, Van Maarseveen N et al. Microdomains of the C-type lectin DC-SIGN are portals for virus entry into dendritic cells. J Cell Biol 2004; 164: 14555.
  • 11
    Jameson B, Rao P, Kong L, Hahn B, Shaw G, Hood L, Kent S. Location and chemical synthesis of a binding site for HIV-1 on the CD4 protein. Science 1988; 240: 13359.
  • 12
    Maddon PJ, Dalgleish AG, McDougal JS, Clapham PR, Weiss RA, Axel R. The T4 gene encodes the AIDS virus receptor and is expressed in the immune system and the brain. Cell 1986; 47: 33348.
  • 13
    Delezay O, Koch N, Yahi N, Hammache D, Tourres C, Tamalet C, Fantini J. Co-expression of CXCR4/fusin and galactosylceramide in the human intestinal epithelial cell line HT-29. Aids 1997; 11: 13118.DOI: 10.1097/00002030-199711000-00004
  • 14
    Gadella BM, Hammache D, Pieroni G, Colenbrander B, Van Golde LM, Fantini J. Glycolipids as potential binding sites for HIV. topology in the sperm plasma membrane in relation to the regulation of membrane fusion. J Reprod Immunol 1998; 41: 23353.DOI: 10.1016/S0165-0378(98)00061-8
  • 15
    Yahi N, Baghdiguian S, Moreau H, Fantini J. Galactosyl ceramide (or a closely related molecule) is the receptor for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 on human colon epithelial HT29 cells. J Virol 1992; 66: 484854.
  • 16
    Fantini J, Yahi N, Delezay O, Gonzalez-Scarano F. GalCer, CD26 and HIV infection of intestinal epithelial cells. Aids 1994; 8: 13478.
  • 17
    Cocchi FD, Anthony L, Garzino-Demo A, Arya Suresh K, Gallo R. C, Lusso P. Identification of RANTES, MIP-1 alpha, and MIP-1 beta as the major HIV-suppressive factors produced by CD8plus T cells. Science 1995; 270: 18115.
  • 18
    Dwinell MB, Eckmann L, Leopard JD, Varki NM, Kagnoff MF. Chemokine receptor expression by human intestinal epithelial cells. Gastroenterology 1999; 117: 35967.
  • 19
    Jordan N, Kolios G, Abbot S, Sinai M, Thompson D, Petraki K, Westwick J. Expression of functional CXCR4 chemokine receptors on human colonic epithelial cells. J Clin Invest 1999; 104: 10619.
  • 20
    Rollins BJ. Chemokines. Blood 1997; 90: 90928.
  • 21
    Murdoch C, Monk PN, Finn A. Functional expression of chemokine receptor CXCR4 on human epithelial cells. Immunology 1999; 98: 3641.DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2567.1999.00848.x
  • 22
    Howell AL, Edkins RD, Rier SE, Yeaman GR, Stern JE, Fanger MW, Wira CR. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection of cells and tissues from the upper and lower human female reproductive tract. J Virol 1997; 71: 3498506.
  • 23
    Asin S, Fanger M, Wildt-Perinic D, Ware P, Wira C, Howell A. HIV-1 transmission by primary human uterine epithelial and stromal cells. J Infect Dis 2004; 190: 23645.DOI: 10.1086/421910
  • 24
    Noyes RW, Hertig AT. Dating the endometrial biopsy. Fertil Steril 1955; 1: 325.
  • 25
    Wada N, Imoto S, Hasebe T, Ochiai A, Ebihara S, Moriyama N. Evaluation of intraoperative frozen section diagnosis of sentinel lymph nodes in breast cancer. Jpn J Clin Oncol 2004; 34: 1137.DOI: 10.1093/jjco/hyh023
  • 26
    Ranscht B. Sequence of contactin, a 130-kD glycoprotein concentrated in areas of interneuronal contact, defines a new member of the immunoglobulin supergene family in the nervous system. J Cell Biol 1988; 107: 156173.DOI: 10.1083/jcb.107.4.1561
  • 27
    Ancuta P, Bakri Y, Chomont N, Hocini H, Gabuzda D, Haeffner-Cavaillon N. Opposite effects of IL-10 on the ability of dendritic cells and macrophages to replicate primary CXCR4-dependent HIV-1 strains. J Immunol 2001; 166: 424453.
  • 28
    Meng G, Wei X, Wu X et al. Primary intestinal epithelial cells selectively transfer R5 HIV-1 to CCR5+ cells. Nat Med 2002; 8: 1506.DOI: 10.1038/nm0202-150
  • 29
    Dezzutti C, Guenthner P, Cummins Jr J, Cabrera T, Marshall J, Dillberger A, Lal R. Cervical and prostate primary epithelial cells are not productively infected but sequester human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J Infect Dis 2001; 183: 120413.DOI: 10.1086/319676
  • 30
    Wu Z, Chen Z, Phillips DM. Human genital epithelial cells capture cell-free human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and transmit the virus to CD4+ cells: Implications for mechanisms of sexual transmission. J Infect Dis 2003; 188: 147382.DOI: 10.1086/379248
  • 31
    Patterson BK, Landay A, Andersson J et al. Repertoire of chemokine receptor expression in the female genital tract: implications for human immunodeficiency virus transmission. Am J Pathol 1998; 153: 48190.
  • 32
    Marx P, Spira A, Gettie A et al. Progesterone implants enhance SIV vaginal transmission and early virus load. Nature Med 1996; 2: 10849.DOI: 10.1038/nm1096-1084
  • 33
    Geijtenbeek TBHDS, Kwon R, Torensma SJ et al. DC-SIGN, a dendritic cell-specific HIV-1-binding protein that enhances trans-infection of T cells. Cell 2000; 100: 58797.
  • 34
    Bienzle D, MacDonald K, Smaill F et al. Factors contributing to the lack of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmission in HIV-1-discordant partners. J Infect Dis 2000; 182: 12332.
  • 35
    Hoffman T, MacGregor R, Burger H, Mick R, Doms R, Collman R. CCR5 genotypes in sexually active couples discordant for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection status. J Infect Dis 1997; 176: 10936.