T-cell receptor binding affinities and kinetics: impact on T-cell activity and specificity


D. M. Kranz, Department of Biochemistry, University of Illinois, 600 S. Mathews Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. Email: d-kranz@uiuc.edu
Senior author: David M. Kranz


The interaction between the T-cell receptor (TCR) and its peptide–major histocompatibility complex (pepMHC) ligand plays a critical role in determining the activity and specificity of the T cell. The binding properties associated with these interactions have now been studied in many systems, providing a framework for a mechanistic understanding of the initial events that govern T-cell function. There have been various other reviews that have described the structural and biochemical features of TCR : pepMHC interactions. Here we provide an overview of four areas that directly impact our understanding of T-cell function, as viewed from the perspective of the TCR : pepMHC interaction: (1) relationships between T-cell activity and TCR : pepMHC binding parameters, (2) TCR affinity, avidity and clustering, (3) influence of coreceptors on pepMHC binding by TCRs and T-cell activity, and (4) impact of TCR binding affinity on antigenic peptide specificity.