Dendritic cells (DC) play a pivotal role in tolerance. Adrenomedullin (AM), a neuropeptide with anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects, may decrease T helper type 1 effector cells and induce regulatory T (Treg) cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate AM effects on murine dendritic cell (DC) maturation and functions. Bone marrow-derived DC were produced and stimulated with CpG motifs, lipopolysaccharide or AM for 24 hr. Then, DC maturation and expression of AM and AM receptors were evaluated. Compared with lipopolysaccharide-stimulated or CpG-stimulated DC, AM-stimulated DC had lower levels of co-stimulatory molecule expression and pro-inflammatory cytokine release. The AM induced high levels of interferon-γ but not of interleukin-10. Importantly, AM inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced maturation of DC. However, allogeneic T-cell stimulation and endocytic capacity of AM-stimulated DC were comparable to those of semi-mature and mature DC. Moreover, DC expressed AM and its receptors at a basal level, and AM receptor expression increased with DC maturation. The AM stimulation induced indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) expression, promoting Treg cell expansion. For the first time, we describe the DC maturation phenotype by a neuropeptide (AM). We have demonstrated that AM and its receptors are expressed in DC and that exogenous AM can modify the DC phenotype and functions and can induce a semi-mature DC phenotype with IDO expression. These results indicate close interactions among immune system regulation mechanisms and calcitonin-like peptides.