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Keywords:

  • collagen-induced arthritis;
  • interferon-γ;
  • interleukin-27;
  • interleukin-27-Fc;
  • osteoclastogenesis

Summary

Interleukin (IL)-27 is a heterodimeric cytokine that is known to have both stimulatory and inhibitory functions during immune responses. We investigated the effects of IL-27 on arthritis and bone erosion in the murine collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model. We demonstrate that the inhibitory effect of IL-27 on osteoclastogenesis is associated with interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production by using an IFN-γ knockout mouse model. The IL-27-Fc was injected into both CIA and IFN-γ-deficient mice. The effects of IL-27-Fc on osteoclast differentiation were evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. The IL-27-Fc-injected mice showed significantly lower arthritis indices and fewer tartrate-resistant acid-phosphatase-positive osteoclasts in their joint tissues than untreated mice. Interleukin-27 inhibited osteoclastogenesis from bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells in vitro, which was counteracted by the addition of anti-IFN-γ antibody. The IL-27-Fc did not affect arthritis in IFN-γ knockout mice. Interleukin-27 also suppressed osteoclast differentiation in human and intriguingly, it could promote the expression of IFN-γ on priming osteoclasts. These results imply that IL-27 suppressed the generation of CIA and osteoclastogenesis, which were mediated by the induction of IFN-γ.