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ABSTRACT

Fifteen bone-in hams were injected with curing solutions (five treatments) in which sodium chloride (NaCl) was completely (100%) or partially (50%) replaced with equivalent ionic strengths of either potassium chloride (KCl) or lithium chloride (LiCl). Sodium-containing additives were replaced with potassium-containing additives in four of the treatments. Curing solutions made with LiCl had the lowest pH value (P<0.05); those made with KCl (100% or 50%) had the highest (P<0.05) pH value. Use of KCI (100% or 50%) numerically increased salometer values of curing solutions about 5° above those values for controls. Curing solutions made with LiCl (100%) had salometer values that were about 11° to 14° lower than controls. Hams in which NaCl was completely (100%) or partially (50%) replaced by use of KCI had the most (P<0.05) off-flavor. Because of its toxicity, LiCl is not GRAS approved and we do not recommend its use, but its use in this study resulted in sensory values that more closely approximated those achieved with NaCl than did use of KCl.