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ABSTRACT

The effect of pH and heat treatments on the binding of iron, calcium, magnesium and zinc and the loss of phytic acid in defatted soy flour was investigated. The soy flour was found to bind more iron, calcium, and magnesium at pH 6.8 than at pH 5.0, but the reverse situation occurred with zinc. Boiling caused a significant increase in binding of zinc and magnesium at both pH values, but was pH dependent for iron and calcium. Toasting caused a significant increase in binding of zinc and calcium at both pH values and a pH variable effect on iron and magnesium. Phytic acid analysis under the same conditions suggested that the degree of binding of these minerals did not correlate with the presence of phytic acid.