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ABSTRACT

Poultry meat bologna has been studied under two systems of heat processing, pasteurizing and commercial sterilizing in cans. Mechanically deboned turkey meat was chopped (1) from the tempered state, (2) after thawing, refreezing and tempering, (3) after thawing. Treatments 1 and 2 resulted in reduction in cooking loss, while treatment 1 gave a firmer textured product, as measured by shear value but not by taste panel. Turkey meat was compared with spent Leghorn laying fowl meat, and mechanically deboned meat with manually deboned meat. Bologna made from mechanically deboned laying fowl had the highest cooking loss. Laying fowl bologna was firmer textured than turkey bologna, and manually deboned meat bologna was firmer than MDM bologna by both shear value and taste panel measuremnts.