The effects of potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate, SO2 and incubation temperature on biomass and patulin production by Byssochlamys nivea in apple juice were determined. Growth at 21, 30 and 37°C over a 25-day incubation period was significantly retarded by 75 ppm SO2, 150 ppm potassium sorbate and 500 ppm sodium benzoate. Biomass accumulated to approximately 500 mg/100 ml in control samples of apple juice. Patulin was produced in the highest concentrations at 21°C after 20 days incubation. After reaching a maximum concentration at 30 and 37°C, a rapid decline in patulin content was observed. Patulin production was also observed at 12°C. On the basis of concentration, SO2 had the most significant effect on the rate of biomass and patulin production by B. nivea followed by potassium sorbate and sodium benzoate, respectively.