Cooked corned beef made with normal (ca.2.5%) or a reduced (ca.1.5%) level of salt were inoculated with either clostridial spores or with staphylococci and incubated at temperatures ranging from 5 - 30°C. Growth of indigenous microflora, staphylococci, or clostridia was similar at both salt levels at a given incubation temperature. However, increasing the abuse temperature greatly increased the growth of all organisms. Outgrowth of clostridial spores occurred in ground cooked corned beef which contained the normal residual nitrite of 40 - 45 ppm; readdition of nitrite to 150 ppm at the time of inoculation markedly reduced growth. Gas production was not a good indicator of clostridial growth.