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ABSTRACT

Grapefruit juice modified to pH 3.0, 3.5 and 4.0 and stored at 4, 21, 27, 32 and 38°C manifested a consistent two-stage pattern for tin uptake. The first stage consisted of a rapid (3 wk) uptake of tin (from 12 to approximately 100 ppm) and was relatively independent of juice pH or storage temperature. In the second stage, the increase in tin concentrations was extremely temperature dependent and only slightly pH dependent. Canned grapefruit juice should be stored below 27°C to insure tin contents do not exceed the Codex maximum of 250 ppm. In a survey of 55 commercially canned grapefruit juice samples stored 1-8 months under commercial conditions, tin concentrations ranged from 34-180 ppm.