Effect of Temperature on the Moisture Sorption Isotherms and Water Activity Shift of Two Dehydrated Foods

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ABSTRACT

The water activity (aw) of eight salt solutions was determined at three temperatures (25, 30, 45°C) using a pressure transducer-vapor pressure manometer. The aws of the salts showed a decrease with increasing temperature, which was explained with the help of a thermodynamic equation. This is opposite to the increase in aw with increase in temperature for foods. Moisture sorption data for fish flour and cornmeal were obtained at 25–65°C. The Guggenheim-Anderson-deBoer model was evaluated and shown to be comparable to the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller model for prediction of the monolayer. Product was equilibrated at different aws at 25°C then subsequently shifted to 30°C and 45°C in a sealed chamber. The resultant a, change, measured on the Kaymont-Rotronics, was predictable from the isotherm at each temperature using the Clausius Clapeyron relationship.

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