Mechanically deboned turkey meat emulsions were made with 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, or 3.0% salt (NaCl), or with combinations of 1.5% or 2.0% salt with 0.4% sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP), sodium hexametaphosphate (HMP), or sodium acid pyrophosphate (SAPP). Sodium nitrite levels were constant at 150 ppm. Emulsions were inoculated with a mixture of 10 strains of C. botulinum (103/g) and incubated at 27°C. Increasing NaCl content from 1.0% to 3.0% delayed toxin production by 3 days on the average. Toxin production was detected earlier when TPP was added, HMP had no effect, and SAPP delayed toxin production.