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ABSTRACT

Frying oils (corn, lightly and highly hydrogenated soybean and tallow) were heated 24 hr at 200°C and acid value and percentage polar compounds measured. Fatty acids (stearic, oleic and linoleic) were added to the oils at 1 and 5% levels to determine their effect on oil quality. Corn oil formed acidic and polar compounds at faster rates than the other oils. With 5% fatty acids added, acid value decreased because acidic compounds evaporated faster than they were formed. Polar compound formation generally increased with fatty acid addition in corn oil and lightly hydrogenated soybean oil and decreased in highly hydrogenated soybean oil and tallow.