The volatile flavor components of steamed rangia clam (Rangia cuneata) were extracted by dynamic headspace sampling (DHS) and simultaneous distillation/extraction (SDE) techniques, and analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and GC-coupled aroma perception. Twenty-two heterocyclic aroma compounds were identified. Volatile flavor compounds in other chemical classes, such as aldehydes, alcohols, ketones, and terpenes, also were identified. The unique clam aromas were contributed by a combination of S-, and N- containing compounds and ketones. In general, sampling methods (DHS and SDE) complemented each other in compounds detected in the sample. However, SDE gave more information on characteristic steamed clam flavors.