Influence of dialyzable compounds on the Theological properties (shear stress and shear strain at failure) of heat-induced whey protein concentrate (WPC) and whey protein isolate (WPI) gels was examined. Dialyzing WPC and WPI suspensions prior to gelation increased the stress of two of three WPC gels and a WPI gel. Dialysis also significantly increased the strain of the same two WPC gels, normalizing all strain values. Replacement of calcium lost through dialysis did not significantly change gel rheology. However, chelating calcium caused a significant decrease in the stress of all gels: a minimum amount of calcium and/or a calcium complex appears to have a major role in whey protein gelation.