Cellulose Derivatives Effects on Gelatinization and Retrogradation of Sweet Potato Starch

Authors


  • This work was carried out as a part of the Biomass Conversion Program and supported by Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan.

ABSTRACT

Effects of physically or chemically modified celluloses on gelatinization and retrogradation of sweet potato starch were examined by Theological measurements and differential scanning calorimetry. The mixture of sweet potato starch and four modified celluloses (powdered microcrystalline cellulose, alkaline soluble fibrous cellulose, carboxymethylcellulose and methylcellulose) in the ratio of 9 to 1 was used as a model, because that ratio of starch to cellulose is about the same for sweet potato root. Cellulose derivatives generally did not show important effects on gelatinization temperature and enthalpy of gelatinization. Cellulose derivatives which are not water-soluble increased starch retrogradation, while water-soluble methylcellulose unexpectedly prevented retrogradation.

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