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Keywords:

  • egg yolk;
  • cholesterol oxides;
  • antioxidants;
  • ascorbyl palmitate;
  • tocopherols

ABSTRACT

Spray-dried egg yolk was used to evaluate antioxidant inhibition of cholesterol oxidation during accelerated (CU+2 and heat) storage. Liquid yolk was treated with equimolar amounts of BHA (0.01%, w/w of lipid), ascorbyl palmitate (0.023%), or a tocopherol blend (0.023%). Yolk batches were spray-dried, stored at 60 ± 2°C for up to 28 days, and analyzed for cholesterol oxidation products (COPS) using gas chroma-tography. COP levels generally increased during storage with 7-ketocholesterol predominant. Significant antioxidant effects were manifest in decreased levels of 7-ketocholesterol, 7α- and 7β-hydroxycholesterol; while cholestane-triol and cholesterol-5,6-epoxide levels were not affected. All antioxidants showed significant inhibitive effects relative to the control, and tocopherols were more effective than ascorbyl palmitate.