• acid whey;
  • nanofiltration;
  • fractionation;
  • deacidification;
  • demineralization


Nanofiltration (NF) membrane processing was investigated as a method for deacidifying and demineralizing cottage cheese whey (CCW) as function of pH 3.0 to 6.5 so that it could be used in ice cream and other frozen dairy desserts. Membrane flux values after 30 min processing ranged from 7.5 to 9.0 Lm−2hr−1. Total processing time to produce volume concentration ratio 3 (VCR3) retentate and diafiltration against 3 volumes of water to produce DNF3 retentate ranged from 87 to 93 min at pH 3–4.35 to 180 to 210 min at pH 5.5–6.5. DNF3 retentate contained 0.33% lactic acid, 0.65% ash, 11.55% lactose and 14.47% total solids. Membrane rejection of lactic acid ranged from 31% for VCR3 retentate to 67.2% for DNF3 retentate. Membrane rejection of minerals for VCR3 and DNF3 retentates was 30% and 71%, respectively.