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Keywords:

  • cod;
  • composition;
  • fish;
  • moisture;
  • ultrasonics

ABSTRACT

The relationships between the composition and ultrasonic properties of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) fillets were examined. The lipid, protein, moisture and ash contents of cod fillets were determined by official methods. The ultrasonic velocity and attenuation coefficient of the fillets were measured using a pulse-echo technique. The ultrasonic velocity of the fillets varied between 1575 and 1595 m s−1, decreasing linearly with increasing moisture content (r2 > 0.8 for 26 samples). No systematic relationship was observed between the attenuation coefficient and moisture content. Our experiments highlight the potential of using ultrasonic velocity measurements to rapidly and nondestructively determine the moisture content of cod fillets (and possibly their protein content by deduction).