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Keywords:

  • grape solids;
  • must turbidity;
  • fermentation aroma;
  • wine volatiles;
  • Greek wines

ABSTRACT: Musts from 3 grape varieties were used to elucidate the effect of the presence of grape solids in must on the volatile composition of the resultant white wines. Volatile compounds were analyzed by GC/MS and GC/FPD except H2S, which was measured spectrophotometrically. Increasing quantities of grape insoluble material decreased the substances that enhanced aroma of Savatiano and Batiki wines. Simultaneously, the levels of compounds that degrade wine aroma, when formed in large amounts, were increased. However, in Muscat of Hamburg wines, the levels of some volatiles were not influenced by must turbidity in the same way as in wines of the other cultivars.