• soybean 11S glycinin;
  • bitter peptides;
  • amino acid sequence;
  • hydrophobicity;
  • HPLC

ABSTRACT: The 21 peptides purified from the bitter fraction of tryptic hydrolysates of soybean 11S glycinin by using gel-permeation high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and a series of 3 C18 reverse phase (RP)-HPLC were in the molecular weight range of 200-1400 Da and showed mostly the hydrophobicity of less than 1400 cal/mol. Although the primary structures of the bitter peptides from 11S glycinin were not exactly the same as those of the proglycinin, many bitter peptides were basic mimics of the common structure, indicating the significance of the primary structure of a peptide playing a role in the bitter taste perception.