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Keywords:

  • cod;
  • cytochrome oxidase;
  • frozen storage;
  • ice storage;
  • SR Ca2+-ATPase

ABSTRACT: Activities of 2 membrane-bound enzymes, Ca2+-ATPase from the sarcoplasmic reticulum and cytochrome oxidase from the inner mitochondria membrane, were measured during frozen storage of cod. Enzyme activities were higher in cod muscle samples frozen at −30°C than at −20°C. Freezing-induced activation of both enzymes was observed and the activation was amplified by ice storage prior to freezing. Sensory evaluation conducted at 9 mo of frozen storage showed differences between the sensory properties of cod frozen immediately after catch and frozen after 3 d of storage on ice. These results indicated that the enzymes might be useful as indicators of quality changes by frozen storage.