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Keywords:

  • bacteriocin-like;
  • Pediococcus parvulus;
  • antilisterial;
  • release;
  • edible films

ABSTRACT: The antilisterial bacteriocin-like inhibitory substance (BLIS) produced by Pediococcus parvulus VKMX133 was incorporated into protein film matrices of ethanol-soluble corn zein (CZ), and water-soluble whey protein isolate (WPI). Various BLIS concentrations were added to film-forming solutions (FFS), cast, dried, and cut in circular sections (28.27 mm2). Antimicrobial activity of films was evaluated by measuring inhibition zones against Listeria innocua ATCC 33090 on tryptic soy broth (TSB) agar. BLIS released from films into water at 10 °C was determined. Film effectiveness was evaluated by measuring the reduction of L. innocua population (108 colony-forming units [CFU]/mL) in peptone water where film sections were immersed. Film topography was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The minimum BLIS concentration in FFS to generate films with antimicrobial activity was 833 and 3333 arbitrary units per milliliter (AU/mL) for CZ and WPI, respectively. BLIS released into water was detected only for CZ films. Antimicrobial CZ films were more effective in reducing L. innocua population than WPI films at the same BLIS concentrations. SEM showed that surface topography was porous for CZ and more closed and compact for WPI films. BLIS can be entrapped into film protein matrices to produce edible antimicrobial packaging. However, BLIS inhibitory action against L. innocua and release were dependent on film nature and topography, and probably on hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions arising between the protein matrices and BLIS. High concentration of bacteriocin in films does not necessarily improve their effectiveness against L. innocua.