Intelligent Packaging: Concepts and Applications
Article first published online: 31 MAY 2006
Journal of Food Science
Volume 70, Issue 1, pages R1–R10, January 2005
How to Cite
Yam, K. L., Takhistov, P. T. and Miltz, J. (2005), Intelligent Packaging: Concepts and Applications. Journal of Food Science, 70: R1–R10. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2005.tb09052.x
- Issue published online: 31 MAY 2006
- Article first published online: 31 MAY 2006
- MS 20040382 Submitted 6/10/04, Revised 7/8/04, Accepted 8/10/04.
- intelligent packaging;
- smart package devices;
- active packaging;
- smart packaging
ABSTRACT: Intelligent packaging is an emerging technology that uses the communication function of the package to facilitate decision making to achieve the benefits of enhanced food quality and safety. In this paper, the term intelligent packaging is defined based on a proposed model of packaging functions, which is consistent with the historical development of food packaging. A conceptual framework is also developed to provide more precise meaning to the definition and to elucidate the anatomy of the intelligent packaging system. The latest advances in smart package devices including barcode labels, radio frequency identification tags, time-temperature indicators, gas indicators, and biosensors are reviewed. The applications of the conceptual framework to Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points and microwave ovens are illustrated. A research roadmap for intelligent packaging is also suggested.