Kinetics of Thiamin Degradation in Solutions under Ambient Storage Conditions



Thiamin is being incorporated into a variety of nutritionally enhanced beverages. Although thiamin degradation during thermal processing has been extensively studied, minimal data exist regarding its stability in solution during ambient storage. This study collected kinetic data for thiamin degradation in solutions as a function of pH, buffer type, and buffer concentration at 25 °C. Thiamin was incorporated into sodium phosphate and citrate buffer solutions, each prepared at 0.02 and 0.1 M and pH 4, 5, 6, and 7. Experimental solutions were stored in an incubator at 25 °C. Thiamin concentrations were analyzed at 9 time points over a 42-wk period. Thiamin degradation data were modeled using pseudo-1st-order kinetics. Thiamin stability generally decreased as pH and buffer concentration increased in both phosphate and citrate buffers. In 0.1 M phosphate buffer, the time for a 10% loss of thiamin decreased from 79 wk at pH 4 to 3 wk at pH 7. At pH 6 and 7, thiamin stability was greater in citrate buffer than in phosphate buffer. However, at pH 4 and 5, thiamin stability was greater in phosphate buffer than citrate buffer. To optimize thiamin stability in low pH beverages, phosphate buffer would be more appropriate to use than citrate buffer, whereas citrate buffer should be used for better thiamin stability in high pH beverages.